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The biogenesis of mitochondrial intermembrane space proteins depends on specific machinery that transfers disulfide bonds to precursor proteins. The machinery shares features with protein relays for disulfide bond formation in the bacterial periplasm and endoplasmic reticulum. A disulfide-generating enzyme/sulfhydryl oxidase oxidizes a disulfide carrier(More)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common age-related degenerative skeletal muscle disorder. The aberrant intracellular accumulation of the beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide within skeletal muscle is a pathological hallmark of IBM. Skeletal muscle is comprised of both slow and fast twitch fibers, which are present in different proportions in various(More)
Epistemic dialogues, involving explanation and argumentation, have been recognized as potential vehicles for conceptual understanding. Although the role of dialogue in learning has received much attention, the problem of creating situations in which students engage in epistemic dialogue has only begun to be addressed. This article highlights the set of(More)
Most mitochondrial proteins are synthesized in the cytosol, translocated into the organelle and directed along specific sorting pathways. Over the past 20 years, >30 proteins have been identified as having key roles in mitochondrial protein import. Recently, the elucidation of the structures of several import components has provided fresh insight into the(More)