Michael J. Adams

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A phylogenetic analysis of the optimised nucleotide (nt) alignment of the entire ORFs of a representative of each fully-sequenced species in the family Potyviridae provided strong support for several subgroups within the genus Potyvirus. A complete set of two-way comparisons was done between the sequences for the entire ORF and for each gene amongst all the(More)
The new plant virus family Flexiviridae is described. The family is named because its members have flexuous virions and it includes the existing genera Allexivirus, Capillovirus, Carlavirus, Foveavirus, Potexvirus, Trichovirus and Vitivirus, plus the new genus Mandarivirus together with some related viruses not assigned to any genus. The family is justified(More)
SUMMARY The genomes of plant viruses in the family Potyviridae encode large polyproteins that are cut by virus-encoded proteases into ten mature proteins. Three different types of protease have been identified, each of which cuts at sites with a distinctive sequence pattern. The experimental evidence for this specificity is reviewed and the cleavage site(More)
The plant virus family Flexiviridae includes the definitive genera Potexvirus, Mandarivirus, Allexivirus, Carlavirus, Foveavirus, Capillovirus, Vitivirus, Trichovirus, the putative genus Citrivirus, and some unassigned species. Its establishment was based on similarities in virion morphology, common features in genome type and organization, and strong(More)
 A universal primer (Sprimer: 5′-GGX AAY AAY AGY GGX CAZ CC-3′, X = A, G, C or T; Y = T or C; Z = A or G), designed from the consensus sequences that code for the conserved sequence GNNSGQP in the NIb region of members of the family Potyviridae, was used to amplify by RT-PCR the 3′-terminal genome regions from infected plant samples representing 21(More)
UNLABELLED SUMMARY Polymyxa graminis is a eukaryotic obligate biotrophic parasite of plant roots that belongs to a poorly studied discrete taxonomic unit informally called the 'plasmodiophorids'. P. graminis is non-pathogenic, but has the ability to acquire and transmit a range of plant viruses which cause serious diseases in cereal crop species and result(More)
An isolate of a plant reovirus causing severe stunting and dark leaf symptoms on rice from Guangdong, China, was similar in virion morphology and serologically related to rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV). The electrophoretic profiles of genome segments of the two viruses in agarose or polyacrylamide gel were indistinguishable. The four genome(More)
Serological and physical properties of isolated particles as well as reactions of barley cultivars after virus inoculation showed that the yellow disease of barley is caused by different viruses. Results summarized in this paper suggest that the European isolates BaYMV-So and BaYMV-NM are closely related to, or identical with, BaYMV-J first reported from(More)
 The nucleotide sequences of segments S1 to S6 of a Chinese isolate of Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) were determined. This provides the first complete sequence of a plant pathogenic member of the genus Fijivirus. The complete ten-segment genome has 29141 nucleotides, making it the largest reovirus genome so far reported. Each of the segments S1–S6(More)