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'Rich media' is a term that implies the integration of all of the advances we have made in the mobile space delivering music, speech, text, graphics and video. This is true, but it is more than the sum of its parts. Rich media is the ability to deliver these modalities, to interact with these modalities, and to do it in a way that allows for the(More)
The signals for epidermal differentiation and barrier formation are largely unknown. One possible signal is dehydration or osmotic stress. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of osmotic stress on markers of differentiation of normal human keratinocytes in culture. Hyperosmotic stress treatment of normal human keratinocyte cultures by(More)
In order to assess cigarette smoke-induced oxidative damage to intact cells, an assay was developed to measure cell detachment and protection. Due to the complex nature of cigarette smoke, which contains molecules that can interfere with conventional spectrophotometric and fluorometric biochemical assays, transformed rabbit corneal cells were radiolabeled(More)
Ultraviolet irradiation of normal human keratinocytes induces a cytotoxic effect. The chromophore for this effect is believed to be genomic DNA. However, DNA damage is known to be repaired in UVB irradiated keratinocytes. The trigger for this DNA repair is potentially damaged DNA itself. To test the hypothesis that damaged DNA can induce the host cell's own(More)
Human skin maintains an optimal permeability barrier function in a terrestrial environment that varies considerably in humidity. Cells cultured under hyperosmotic stress accumulate osmolytes including sorbitol. Epidermal keratinocytes experience similar high osmolality under dry environmental conditions because of increased transepidermal water loss (TEWL)(More)
Treatment of normal human keratinocytes with UVC-irradiated rabbit globin mRNA 24 h before and after UVB exposure increased the survival of the human keratinocytes. We also observed that UVC-damaged mRNA reduced the formation of sunburn cells in skin models. We next tested the effects of UVC-damaged mRNA on cellular repair of DNA. DNA repair was evaluated(More)
AIMS To investigate the effects of anthrax lethal toxin (LeTx) on human primary keratinocytes. METHODS AND RESULTS We show here that human primary keratinocytes are resistant to LeTx-triggered cytotoxicity. All but one of the MEKs (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases) are cleaved within 3 h, and the cleavage of MEKs in keratinocytes leads to their(More)
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