Michael I. Friswell

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The tortuosity of the track taken by an animal searching for food profoundly affects search efficiency, which should be optimised to maximise net energy gain. Models examining this generally describe movement as a series of straight steps interspaced by turns, and implicitly assume no turn costs. We used both empirical- and modelling-based approaches to(More)
A method to optimize long anisotropic laminated fiber composite panels with T-shaped stiffeners is presented. The technique splits the optimization problem into two steps. At the first step, composite optimization is performed using mathematical programming in which the skin and the stiffeners are characterized by lamination parameters accounting for their(More)
Genetic algorithms have been the subject of considerable interest in recent years, since they appear to provide a robust search procedure for solving dicult problems. Due to the way the genetic algorithm explores the region of interest it avoids getting stuck at a particular local minimum and locates the global optimum. The genetic algorithm is slow in(More)
SUMMARY When the dynamics of any general second order system are cast in a state-space format, the initial choice of the state-vector usually comprises one partition representing system displacements and another representing system velocities. Coordinate transformations can be defined which result in more general definitions of the state-vector. This paper(More)
The Melnikov criterion is used to examine a global homoclinic bifurcation and transition to chaos in the case of a quarter car model excited kinematically by the road surface profile. By analyzing the potential an analytic expression is found for the homoclinic orbit. By introducing an harmonic excitation term and damping as perturbations, the critical(More)
This paper presents a novel approach to detect structural damage based on combining independent component analysis (ICA) extraction of time domain data and artificial neural networks (ANN). The advantage of using time history measurements is that the original vibration information is used directly. However, the volume of data, measurement noise and the lack(More)
This paper gives an overview of the use of inverse methods in damage detection and location, using measured vibration data. Inverse problems require the use of a model and the identification of uncertain parameters of this model. Damage is often local in nature and although the effect of the loss of stiffness may require only a small number of parameters,(More)
This research presents an experimental and theoretical energy harvesting characterization of beam-like, uniform cross-section, unimorph structures employing single-crystal piezoelectrics. Different piezoelectric materials, substrates, and configurations are examined to identify the best design configuration for lightweight energy harvesting devices for(More)