Michael Hope

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OBJECTIVE An analysis of thoracic aortic blood flow in normal subjects and patients with aortic pathologic findings is presented. Various visualization tools were used to analyze blood flow patterns within a single 3-component velocity volumetric acquisition of the entire thoracic aorta METHODS Time-resolved, 3-dimensional phase-contrast magnetic(More)
PURPOSE To use time-resolved three-dimensional phase-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, also called four-dimensional flow MR imaging, to evaluate systolic blood flow patterns in the ascending aorta that may predispose patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) to aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS The HIPAA-compliant protocol received institutional(More)
To the Editor: Is the aortic dilation that is commonly seen with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) related to intrinsic aortic wall fragility or altered systolic hemodynamics? Recent publications on the topic favor the intrinsic fragility hypothesis. But recent advancements in imaging show very abnormal systolic flow in the ascending aortas of patients with BAV(More)
Pulsatile blood flow through the cavities of the heart and great vessels is time-varying and multidirectional. Access to all regions, phases and directions of cardiovascular flows has formerly been limited. Four-dimensional (4D) flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has enabled more comprehensive access to such flows, with typical spatial resolution(More)
PURPOSE To show that 4D Flow is a clinically viable tool for evaluation of collateral blood flow and demonstration of distorted blood flow patterns in patients with treated and untreated aortic coarctation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Time-resolved, 3D phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (4D Flow) was used to assess blood flow in the thoracic aorta(More)
Blood flow imaging with 3-dimensional time-resolved, phase-contrast cardiac magnetic resonance (4-dimensional [4D] Flow) is an innovative and visually appealing method for studying cardiovascular disease that allows quantification of important secondary vascular parameters including wall shear stress. The hypothesis of this pilot study is that 4D Flow will(More)
PURPOSE To compare quantitative parameters for assessing the degree of eccentric systolic blood flow in the ascending thoracic aorta (AsAo). MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-one patients were studied with three-dimensional (3D), cine phase-contract MRI (4D Flow). Analysis was performed at peak systole for a cross-sectional plane in the AsAo just distal to the(More)
CONTEXT One of the biggest hurdles to the rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy in the developing world was the price of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs). Modification of an existing US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) process to expedite review and approval of generic ARVs quickly resulted in a large number of FDA-tentatively approved ARVs available for(More)
SUMMARY Time-resolved, 3D velocity-encoded MR imaging (4D Flow) allows for the acquisition of dynamic, multidirectional data on blood flow and has recently been used for the evaluation of intracranial arterial flow. Using a 3T system with optimization of both temporal resolution and k-space subsampling with a combination of parallel imaging and cut-corner(More)
OBJECTIVE Ferumoxytol is increasingly reported as an alternative to gadolinium-based contrast agents for MR angiography (MRA), particularly for patients with renal failure. This article summarizes more than 3 years of clinical experience with ferumoxytol-enhanced MRA for a range of indications and anatomic regions. CONCLUSION Ferumoxytol-enhanced MRA has(More)