Learn More
GABAB (gamma-aminobutyric acid)-receptors have been implicated in central nervous system (CNS) functions, e.g. cognition and pain perception, and dysfunctions including spasticity and absence epilepsy. To permit an analysis of the two known GABAB-receptor splice variants GABAB-R1a (GB1a) and GABAB-R1b (GB1b), their distribution pattern has been(More)
Narcolepsy is caused by a loss of orexin/hypocretin signaling, resulting in chronic sleepiness, fragmented non-rapid eye movement sleep, and cataplexy. To identify the neuronal circuits underlying narcolepsy, we produced a mouse model in which a loxP-flanked gene cassette disrupts production of the orexin receptor type 2 (OX2R; also known as HCRTR2), but(More)
The subunit architecture of gamma-aminobutyric acid, type B (GABA(B)), receptors in situ is largely unknown. The GABA(B) receptor variants, characterized by the constituents GBR1a and GBR1b, were therefore analyzed with regard to their subunit composition as well as their regional and subcellular distribution in situ. The analysis was based on the use of(More)
UNLABELLED (11)C-ABP688 (3-(6-methyl-pyridin-2-ylethynyl)-cyclohex-2-enone-O-(11)C-methyl-oxime), a noncompetitive and highly selective antagonist for the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5), was evaluated for its potential as a PET agent. METHODS ABP688 was radiolabeled with (11)C by reacting (11)C-methyl iodide with the sodium salt of(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is associated with neurological complications, including cognitive deficits that lead to impairment in intellectual functioning. Increased GABA-mediated inhibition has been proposed as a mechanism underlying deficient cognition in the Ts65Dn (TS) mouse model of DS. We show that chronic treatment of these mice with RO4938581(More)
The binding site for the co-agonist glycine on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has been mapped to the NR1 subunit whereas binding of the principal agonist glutamate is mediated by the NR2 subunits. Using the novel glycine site antagonist and photoaffinity label CGP 61594, distinct contributions of the NR2 subunit variants to the glycine antagonist(More)
Native GABAA receptors containing different gamma-subunit variants were distinguished immunobiochemically with antisera selectively recognizing the gamma 1-, gamma 2- and gamma 3-subunits. While GABAA receptors containing the gamma 2-subunits were confirmed to be rather ubiquitous in the adult brain, receptors characterized by the gamma 1- or gamma(More)
BACKGROUND Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common genetic cause for intellectual disability. Fmr1 knockout (KO) mice are an established model of FXS. Chronic pharmacological inhibition of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5) in these mice corrects multiple molecular, physiological, and behavioral phenotypes related to patients' symptoms. To better(More)
UNLABELLED The novel, dedicated small animal PET tomograph, quad-HIDAC, offers submillimeter resolution in instrumental characterization experiments. The aim of this study was to establish the tomograph's utility in a biologic application and to demonstrate the feasibility of rapid dynamic neuroreceptor imaging in mice. METHODS We used the(More)
INTRODUCTION The clinically established positron emission tomography (PET) tracers 6-[(18)F]-fluoro-l-DOPA ([(18)F]FDOPA), 6-[(18)F]-fluoro-l-m-tyrosine ([(18)F]FMT) and 2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-chlorophenyl)-8-(2-[(18)F]-fluoroethyl)-nortropane ([(18)F]FECNT) serve as markers of presynaptic integrity of dopaminergic nerve terminals in humans. This study(More)