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It was the aim of this study to compare drug-resistant sublines of the murine P388 in relation to resistance markers, the resistant phenotype and immunogenicity. Resistance to drugs either belonging to the MDR type (Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Mitoxantrone) or to the non-MDR type (Methotrexate) was generated in vivo in order to mimic the clinical situation.(More)
The major histocompatibility complex is one of the interactive factors in the multifactorial model of carcinogenesis. Its main influence in experimental models is on the age at onset of malignancies. We have previously shown a similar effect of homozygosity for HLA-DR53 in CML. In the present study, we investigated 79 patients with CLL and 329 local(More)
Non-invasive detection of small temperature changes (< 1 degree C) is pivotal to the further advance of regional hyperthermia as a treatment modality for deep-seated tumours. Magnetic resonance (MR) thermography methods are considered to be a promising approach. Four methods exploiting temperature-dependent parameters were evaluated in phantom experiments.(More)
Radiofrequency hyperthermia of deep-seated pelvic tumors requires noninvasive monitoring of temperature distributions in patients. Methods of MR thermography were reported to be a promising tool in solving this problem. However, to be truly useful for monitoring hyperthermia treatments, MR thermography should be able to cover the entire pelvis in(More)
Endothelin is a peptide with vasoactive and diuretic potential. Its release has been demonstrated from endothelial and renal epithelial cells. Urinary excretion of endothelin, as shown by others, is thought to reflect intrarenal production. We measured endothelin by RIA in a population of healthy children from Germany and Hungary (group 1), neonates (group(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine parameters of perfusion, distribution coefficient, and glucose metabolism as part of the tumour-specific micromilieu of breast cancer and compare them with corresponding values in normal breast tissue. METHODS H2(15)O PET and 18F-FDG PET were performed on 10 patients with advanced invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast. Perfusion,(More)
This protocol describes an effective method for the production of spherical microtissues (microspheres), which can be used for a variety of tissue-engineering purposes. The obtained microtissues are well suited for the study of osteogenesis in vitro when multipotent stem cells are used. The dimensions of the microspheres can easily be adjusted according to(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to assess changes of tumour hypoxia during primary radiochemotherapy (RCT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) and to evaluate their relationship with treatment outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS Hypoxia was assessed by FMISO-PET in weeks 0, 2 and 5 of RCT. The tumour volume (TV) was determined using FDG-PET/MRI/CT co-registered images. The(More)
In 77 children with congenital heart disease urinary endothelin-1 (ET-1), an indicator of intrarenal endothelin release, was compared to urinary excretion of total protein, albumin, immunoglobuline G (IgG), alpha 1-microglobuline (alpha 1-MG), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and villin. Urine samples were collected the day before and immediately after(More)
Urinary excretion of endothelin was measured by radioimmunoassay in children with diabetes mellitus during severe ketoacidosis and 12 days later when blood pH and blood glucose concentrations were normal. Metabolically stable diabetic children served as controls. Results from apparently healthy children without diabetes mellitus were used as normal values.(More)