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Non-invasive detection of small temperature changes (< 1 degree C) is pivotal to the further advance of regional hyperthermia as a treatment modality for deep-seated tumours. Magnetic resonance (MR) thermography methods are considered to be a promising approach. Four methods exploiting temperature-dependent parameters were evaluated in phantom experiments.(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to assess changes of tumour hypoxia during primary radiochemotherapy (RCT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) and to evaluate their relationship with treatment outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS Hypoxia was assessed by FMISO-PET in weeks 0, 2 and 5 of RCT. The tumour volume (TV) was determined using FDG-PET/MRI/CT co-registered images. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hypoxia in head and neck tumours is associated with poor prognosis and outcome, and can be visualized using (18)F-MISO-PET imaging; however, it is not clear whether the size and location of hypoxic subvolumes remain stable during therapy. In a pilot project, we conducted an exploratory analysis of persistent tumour hypoxia during(More)
Cytofluorometric analysis was performed to characterize the immunophenotype of lymphocytes of the synovial fluid (SF) and the peripheral blood (PB) from patients suffering from juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The most obvious difference could be found in expression of the surface protease aminopeptidase N (AP N/CD13). Whereas(More)
In radiation therapy (RT), staging, treatment planning, monitoring and evaluation of response are traditionally based on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These radiological investigations have the significant advantage to show the anatomy with a high resolution, being also called anatomical imaging. In recent years, so called(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was the comparison of C-11 methionine (MET) and C-11 choline (CHO) in the positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of brain metastases in correlation to the histopathology findings in stereotactic biopsy. METHODS In all, 8 patients underwent MET and CHO PET and magnetic resonance imaging, in 7 of these, the metastases were(More)
B16-melanoma-bearing mice were treated with four different formulations containing equivalent doses of the highly effective antineoplastic drug mitoxantrone. The formulations were: A mitoxantrone solution, a negatively charged liposome preparation (small unilamellar vesicles), a 14C-labeled polybutylcyanoacrylate- (PBCA) nanoparticle suspension, and a(More)
PURPOSE To avoid dependence on body weight, the standardised uptake value (SUV) in positron emission tomography (PET) can instead be normalised to the lean body mass (LBM), which can be determined from body volume and mass. This study was designed to answer the following questions: Firstly, can the total body volume in principle be determined using PET?(More)
In this study we compared the phenotype and cytokine patterns of nickel-specific T cell clones (TCC) derived from blood samples and positive patch test reactions. A total of 252 nickel-specific TCC were established from three nonatopic patients with allergic contact dermatitis caused by nickel. All TCC expressed the TCR-alpha beta, and 77% were CD4+(More)