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BACKGROUND If carotid artery narrowing remains asymptomatic (ie, has caused no recent stroke or other neurological symptoms), successful carotid endarterectomy (CEA) reduces stroke incidence for some years. We assessed the long-term effects of successful CEA. METHODS Between 1993 and 2003, 3120 asymptomatic patients from 126 centres in 30 countries were(More)
Mortality after coronary-artery bypass surgery (CABS) has fallen steadily over recent years. Concern remains, however, about the effect of this surgery on the brain. The problem of brain damage after CABS is multifactorial, involving microembolism, disturbed perfusion, metabolic derangement, and inflammatory responses. Microemboli numbers have been linked(More)
A longitudinal study of cognitive function after coronary artery bypass surgery examined 107 participants using 11 tests, preoperatively and at 6 days, 8 weeks, and 5 years after surgery. The overall neuropsychological (NP) change score declined at 6 days, showed some recovery at 8 weeks, and declined again at 5 years. The number of microemboli recorded(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between percentage of body fat and macular pigment (MP) optical density. METHODS One hundred healthy subjects of ages between 22 and 60 years volunteered to participate in this study. MP optical density was measured psychophysically, serum lutein and zeaxanthin were quantified by HPLC, and dietary intake of lutein(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropsychological (NP) performance after kidney transplantation (TX) has received little attention. This study compared NP functioning between dialysis and transplant patients and between living-related donor (LRD) and cadaver (CAD) transplant recipients. The association between immunosuppressive medication and NP outcomes was also examined. (More)
OBJECTIVES Patients' beliefs regarding illness and treatment are important to understand responses to chronic disease. The present study aimed (i) to assess the illness representations and treatment disruption beliefs of patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), (ii) to determine whether beliefs about illness and treatment differ between different renal(More)
OBJECTIVES Treatment transitions are frequent in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) but little is known about cognitive responses pre- to post-transplantation or after transplant failure. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in illness cognitions across treatment transitions between dialysis and transplantation and their impact on quality of life(More)
This study examined the impact of different dialysis treatments on the neuropsychological (NP) functioning of 145 end-stage renal disease patients. Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients were administered an NP test battery and measures of mood on 2 consecutive days (pre- and 24 hr postdialysis). Biochemistry was assessed at each session.(More)
OBJECTIVES Depressive symptoms are common among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In order to better understand what factors influence these symptoms, we examined the impact of illness and treatment cognitions on emotional adjustment and the influence of dialysis modality (hospital- vs. home-based dialysis) on this relationship. METHODS A(More)