What caused the baby boom? And can it be explained within the context of the secular decline in fertility that has occurred over the last 200 years? The hypothesis is that: (a) The secular decline in fertility is due to the relentless rise in real wages that increased the opportunity cost of having children; (b) The baby boom is explained by an atypical… (More)
The authors are deeply indebted to Larry Neal and Joseph Mason who facilitated the collection of the New Deal data used in the paper. We would also like to thank and two anonymous referees for their comments and suggestions for improving the manuscript.
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We explore the first period of decline in infant mortality in the U.S. and provide estimates of the independentand combined effects of clean water and effective sewerage systems on infant mortality. Our caseis Massachusetts, 1880-1915, when state authorities developed a sewerage and water district for municipalitiesin the Boston Greater Metropolitan area.… (More)
We explore the first period of decline in infant mortality in the U.S. and provide estimates of the independent and combined effects of clean water and effective sewerage systems on infant mortality. Our case is Massachusetts, 1880-1915, when state authorities developed a sewerage and water district for municipalities in the Boston Greater Metropolitan… (More)
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and donot necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER working papers are circulated for discussion and comment purposes. They have not been peer-reviewed or been subject to the review by the NBER Board of Directors that accompanies official NBER publications. ABSTRACT We… (More)