Table and figure references in angle brackets (< >) refer to data tables that will appear in a number of different chapters in Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition. The format was devised, in collaboration with Cambridge University Press, to meet specialized, technical needs and to facilitate the transmission of over 100,000 files… (More)
U.S. fertility rose from a low of 2.27 children for women born in 1908 to a peak of 3.21 children for women born in 1932. It dropped to a new low of 1.74 children for women born in 1949, before stabilizing for subsequent cohorts. We propose a novel explanation for this boom-bust pattern, linking it to the huge improvements in maternal health that started in… (More)
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The authors compared 3 approaches to vocational rehabilitation for severe mental illness (SMI): the individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment, a psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) program, and standard services. Two hundred four unemployed clients (46% African American, 30% Latino) with SMI were randomly assigned to IPS, PSR, or… (More)
The authors are deeply indebted to Larry Neal and Joseph Mason who facilitated the collection of the New Deal data used in the paper. We would also like to thank and two anonymous referees for their comments and suggestions for improving the manuscript.
The authors compared 2 approaches to vocational rehabilitation for individuals with severe mental illness: the individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment and the diversified placement approach (DPA), which emphasizes work readiness and offers a range of vocational options, including agency-run businesses and agency-contracted… (More)
We explore the first period of decline in infant mortality in the U.S. and provide estimates of the independentand combined effects of clean water and effective sewerage systems on infant mortality. Our caseis Massachusetts, 1880-1915, when state authorities developed a sewerage and water district for municipalitiesin the Boston Greater Metropolitan area.… (More)
of California at Davis for helpful comments. Thanks are also due to conference participants at the Cliometrics Meetings, the Social Science History Association Meetings, the All UC Economic History Conference, and the NBER Summer Institute for their helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the… (More)