Michael H . Silber

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The 1968 Rechtschaffen and Kales (R & K) sleep scoring manual was published 15 years after REM sleep was discovered. Advances in the ensuing 28 years warranted a re-look at visual scoring of sleep stages. This paper describes the work of the AASM Visual Scoring Task Force, including methodology, a literature review and the rationale behind the new rules.(More)
REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by the loss of normal skeletal muscle atonia during REM sleep with prominent motor activity accompanying dreaming. The terminology relating to RBD, and mechanisms underlying REM sleep without atonia and RBD based on data in cat and rat are presented. Neuroimaging data from the few published(More)
We describe demographic, clinical, laboratory and aetiological findings in 93 consecutive patients with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD), which consists of excessive motor activity during dreaming in association with loss of skeletal muscle atonia of REM sleep. The patients were seen at the Mayo Sleep Disorders Center between January(More)
BACKGROUND REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) has been reported with various neurodegenerative disorders, most frequently in disorders with Lewy body pathology. RBD often precedes the onset of PD, and a recent prospective study showed that 38% of patients with RBD eventually developed PD. METHODS We identified 37 patients with degenerative dementia and a(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) may be the initial manifestation of synucleinopathies (Parkinson disease [PD], multiple system atrophy [MSA], or dementia with Lewy bodies [DLB]). METHODS We used the Mayo medical records linkage system to identify cases presenting from 2002 to 2006 meeting the criteria of idiopathic RBD at onset,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the age- and sex-specific incidence rates and prevalence of narcolepsy in a United States community. DESIGN The records-linkage system of the Rochester Epidemiology Project was utilized to ascertain all patients with narcolepsy seen in Olmsted County, Minnesota between 1960 and 1989. Age- and sex-specific incidence rates were(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the treatment response with melatonin for rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) associated with other neurologic disorders. BACKGROUND Clonazepam has been considered the treatment of choice for RBD. However, an alternative treatment is desirable for those with RBD refractory to clonazepam, for those who experience(More)
Our objective was to examine whether rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder occurs in disproportionally greater frequency in multiple system atrophy (MSA), Parkinson's disease (PD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), collectively known as the synucleinopathies, compared to other nonsynucleinopathy neurodegenerative disorders. In study 1, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if synucleinopathy pathology is related to REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) plus dementia or parkinsonism. METHODS The clinical and neuropathologic findings were analyzed on all autopsied cases evaluated at Mayo Clinic Rochester from January 1990 to April 2002 who were diagnosed with RBD and a neurodegenerative disorder. Ubiquitin(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the dementia associated with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) differs from Alzheimer's disease (AD) and, if so, whether differences in cognitive performance between RBD/dementia and AD resemble reported differences between dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and AD. METHODS This retrospective study compares neurocognitive(More)