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Electrocorticographic (ECoG) spectral patterns obtained during language tasks from 12 epilepsy patients (age: 12-44 years) were analysed in order to identify and characterize cortical language areas. ECoG from 63 subdural electrodes (500 Hz/channel) chronically implanted over frontal, parietal and temporal lobes were examined. Two language tasks were(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with intractable epilepsy, the use of interictal spikes as surrogate markers of the epileptogenic cortex has generated significant interest. Previous studies have suggested that the cortical generators of the interictal spikes are correlated with the epileptogenic cortex as identified from the ictal recordings. We hypothesize that(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberous sclerosis complex is a genetic disorder leading to constitutive activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and growth of benign tumours in several organs. In the brain, growth of subependymal giant cell astrocytomas can cause life-threatening symptoms--eg, hydrocephalus, requiring surgery. In an open-label, phase 1/2 study, the(More)
PURPOSE Determination of the origin of extratemporal neocortical onset seizures is often challenging due to the rapid speed at which they propagate throughout the cortex. Typically, these patients are poor surgical candidates and many times experience recurrences of seizure activity following resection of the assumed seizure focus. METHODS We applied a(More)
Sleep disorders commonly are associated with neurologic disorders in childhood. This review discusses primary sleep disorders that affect children with primary neurologic diseases. Primary sleep disorders are discussed as they relate to the primary neurologic disease. In addition, sleep disorders secondary to neurologic disorders commonly seen in the(More)
We have investigated 3-dimensional brain current density reconstruction (CDR) from intracranial electrocorticogram (ECoG) recordings by means of finite element method (FEM). The brain electrical sources are modeled by a current density distribution and estimated from the ECoG signals with the aid of a weighted minimum norm estimation algorithm. A series of(More)
Invasive EEG monitoring is one of the best tools available for localization of epileptogenic foci in the brain. However, published data in mixed series of adult and pediatric patients show high incidence of epidural bacterial contamination, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and skin infection after subdural electrode implantation. We sought to determine whether(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study is to analyze the suppressive interaction of symmetric temporal lobe epileptic foci, assess some failures of epilepsy surgery, and evaluate the possibility of terminating focal seizures with stimulation of symmetric epileptic foci. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and twenty-nine intractable epilepsy patients (age range(More)
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate feasibility of using trends in Kolmogorov entropy to anticipate seizures in pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy. Surface and intracranial recordings of preseizure and seizure activity were obtained from five patients and subjected to time series analysis using Kolmogorov entropy. This metric was compared(More)
The topography of the brain electrical activity is presented for the low voltage theta (LV theta), high voltage slow (HVS), delta brush (DB), tracé alternant (TA), frontal sharp transient (FST), and premature temporal theta (PT theta) patterns in pre-term and term neonates, 28-49 weeks conceptional age. The maps for the delta, theta, and alpha frequency(More)