Michael H . Humphreys

Learn More
Malnutrition inflammation complex syndrome (MICS) occurs commonly in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients and may correlate with increased morbidity and mortality. An optimal, comprehensive, quantitative system that assesses MICS could be a useful measure of clinical status and may be a predictor of outcome in MHD patients. We therefore attempted to(More)
Patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) often show substantial reductions in quality of life (QoL). The SF36 (Short Form with 36 questions), a well-documented, self-administered QoL scoring system that includes eight independent scales and two main dimensions, has been widely used and validated. In 65 adult outpatients on MHD, the SF36 and its scales and(More)
Conventional risk factors of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the general population such as body mass, serum cholesterol, and blood pressure are also found to relate to outcome in maintenance dialysis patients, but often in an opposite direction. Obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension appear to be protective features that are associated(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome, an outcome predictor in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, may be related to anorexia. OBJECTIVES We examined whether subjectively reported appetite is associated with adverse conditions and increased morbidity and mortality in MHD patients. DESIGN A cohort of 331 MHD outpatients was asked to(More)
In various mammalian species, including humans, water restriction leads to an acute increase in urinary sodium excretion. This process, known as dehydration natriuresis, helps prevent further accentuation of hypernatremia and the accompanying rise in extracellular tonicity. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase (Sgk1), which is expressed in the renal(More)
Daily measurements of nitrogen balance were made at two levels of protein intake in five patients undergoing chronic intermittent dialysis therapy. During ingestion of high (1.4 g/kg of body wt) protein intake, nitrogen balance was positive on nondialysis days and negative on dialysis days, so that cumulative balance for the week of study was not different(More)
Gamma-melanocyte stimulating hormone (gamma-MSH) is a circulating natriuretic peptide hormone derived from proopiomelanocortin (POMC); its concentration in plasma and pituitary POMC mRNA abundance, increase in rats ingesting a high-sodium diet (HSD, 8% NaCl) compared with a low-sodium diet (LSD, 0.07% NaCl). RT-PCR of rat kidney RNA demonstrated reaction(More)
BACKGROUND Serum ferritin is a frequently used marker of iron status in dialysis patients. Iron administration is to be withheld for ferritin values >800 ng/ml according to K/DOQI guidelines. We hypothesized that such non-iron-related factors as elements of the malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome (MICS) may increase serum ferritin concentration(More)
Twenty patients who had evidence of myoglobinuria were treated with intravenous infusions of mannitol and sodium bicarbonate. Nine patients (group 1) responded with higher urine output, and continued infusion improved renal function; none required dialysis and all survived. Eleven patients (group 2) did not respond to the infusion, and required an average(More)
We tested the hypothesis that a high concentration of serum ferritin, a frequently used marker of iron stores in dialysis patients and an acute-phase reactant, may be a marker of morbidity and mortality in these patients. To evaluate the impact of ferritin on morbidity and mortality, we reviewed the 6-month hospitalization rates in our dialysis patients(More)