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The cytokine interleukin (IL) 25 has been implicated in the initiation of type 2 immunity by driving the expression of type 2 cytokines such as IL-5 and IL-13, although its role in the regulation of immunity and infection-induced inflammation is unknown. Here, we identify a dual function for IL-25: first, in promoting type 2 cytokine-dependent immunity to(More)
TNF is involved in host resistance to several pathogens. Recently it was found that mice lacking the p55 receptor for TNF (TNFRp55 -/-) do not control growth of the intracellular bacteria, Listeria monocytogenes and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Here we report that the course of infection in TNFRp55 -/- mice with another intracellular pathogen, the protozoan(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize canine prostate cancer using immunohistochemical staining specific for acinar and urothelial/ductal tissue and correlate these results with the dogs' castration status/castration time. Seventy dogs with prostate cancer were included, 71% were castrated and 29% were intact. Compared with an age-matched control(More)
Melanoma represents a significant malignancy in humans and dogs. Different from genetically engineered models, sporadic canine melanocytic neoplasms share several characteristics with human disease that could make dogs a more relevant preclinical model. Canine melanomas rarely arise in sun-exposed sites. Most occur in the oral cavity, with a subset having(More)
A retrospective histological study was conducted on 371 neoplasms of the oral cavity in cats. Oral neoplasia accounted for 10% of feline neoplasms identified during the survey period. Eighty-nine percent of the oral neoplasms were malignant. Twenty different oral neoplasms were found. The most common were squamous cell carcinoma (61.2%), fibrosarcoma(More)
The prevalence, pathologic effects, and treatment of Capillaria plica infection were investigated in two breeding kennels. The prevalence of C plica infection in mature dogs in two kennels (127 dogs) was 76% and 59%. Pups less than 8 months old did not pass C plica eggs in the urine. Age, breed, or sex predilection was not observed in mature dogs. In(More)
We report on dominantly inherited epidermal acantholysis in three dogs, a sire and two female offspring. The skin lesions were characterized by hairless, hypertrophic plaques. Histopathologically, these lesions showed epidermal hyperplasia with individual enlargement of keratinocytes, extensive acantholysis and minimal dyskeratosis. Ultrastructural analysis(More)
Currently, prognostic and therapeutic determinations for canine cutaneous mast cell tumors (MCTs) are primarily based on histologic grade. However, the use of different grading systems by veterinary pathologists and institutional modifications make the prognostic value of histologic grading highly questionable. To evaluate the consistency of microscopic(More)
Melanoma is a devastating disease frequently encountered within both veterinary and human medicine. Molecular changes linked with neoplastic transformation of melanocytes include mutations in genes that encode proteins intrinsic to the regulatory pathways of two tumor suppressor proteins (retinoblastoma protein and p53), proto-oncogene mutation to(More)
Data on age, sex, and breed were obtained from surgical pathologic records of 92 dogs with splenic hemangiosarcoma (SHS) and for 125 dogs with splenic hematoma (SHA) diagnosed in 1985 at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. Further information on body weight, clinical and surgical findings, and survival time was obtained for 59 dogs(More)