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Conduction of impulses in myelinated axons has been studied by a new method of computer simulation. The contributions of nodal and internodal characteristics and parameters were examined. Surprisingly, the conduction velocity, theta, was found to be quite insensitive to the nodal area or the exact description of its excitable processes. The conduction(More)
It has been argued theoretically and confirmed experimentally that conduction velocity (theta) should be proportional to nerve fibre diameter for myelinated fibre tracts, such as normal peripheral nerve, exhibiting 'structural' similarity'. In some axons, however, the nodes of Ranvier are more closely spaced than in normal peripheral nerve. Analytic(More)
Clinical and laboratory observations both suggest that it may be possible for action potentials to traverse, in a continuous manner and without interruption, demyelinated zones along some axons. This continuous mode of conduction requires the presence of sufficient numbers of sodium channels in the demyelinated region. One of the factors which will tend to(More)
We examined the effects of probing human color mechanisms using sinusoidal spectral power distributions (SPD's) varying in frequency (i.e., from 0.1 to 5.0 cycles/300 nm for a constant starting phase) and phase (i.e., from 0 to 360 deg for a fixed frequency of 1 cycle/300 nm) through computer simulation using several color models. Predicted modulation(More)
This paper presents a set of probabilistic models which reproduce the proximodistal gradient of sensory deficit in peripheral neuropathies, on the basis of the occurrence of axonal dysfunction as a result of randomly distributed abnormalities. The models, which are based on conduction block, loss of temporal coherence, and weak interactions between nerve(More)