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Certain human class I histocompatibility-linked leukocyte antigen (HLA)/killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotypic combinations confer more favourable prognoses upon exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These combinations influence natural killer (NK) cell function, thereby implicating NK cells in protection from HIV infection or(More)
Individuals infected with HIV have elevated numbers of total and activated CD8+ lymphocytes in peripheral blood. CD8+ lymphocytes from HIV-infected individuals have been shown to mediate non-human histocompatibility-linked antigen (HLA)-restricted suppression of viral replication, HLA-restricted killing of cells expressing HIV antigens, and killing of(More)
Heptahelical receptors (HHRs) are generally thought to function as monomeric entities. Several HHRs such as somatostatin receptors (SSTRs), however, form homo- and heterooligomers when activated by ligand binding. By using dual fluorescent ligands simultaneously applied to live cells monotransfected with SSTR5 (R5) or SSTR1 (R1), or cotransfected with R5(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have recently been shown to be an independent predictor of progression-free and overall survival in patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. This study evaluates the presence and significance of CTCs in patient undergoing surgical resection of clinically localized primary breast cancer. Patients undergoing(More)
Background:This retrospective study was designed to provide a preliminary outcome analysis in patients with positive sentinel nodes who declined axillary dissection. Methods:A review was conducted of patients who underwent lumpectomy and sentinel lymph node excision for invasive disease between January 1998 and July 2000. Those who were found to have(More)
Few long-term follow-up studies prove sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) effectively stages breast cancer without the further evaluation of a completion axillary dissection. Our prospective study addressed this issue, enrolling 345 women with clinically node-negative breast cancer who underwent SLNB from October 1997 through December 2000. The median age of(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are androgen-dependent diseases commonly treated by inhibiting androgen action. However, androgen ablation or castration fail to target androgen-independent cells implicated in disease etiology and recurrence. Mechanistically different to castration, this study shows beneficial proapoptotic(More)
The pathogenesis of AIDS in simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaques models the pathogenesis of human AIDS. We investigated whether certain immunological abnormalities associated with HIV infection and implicated in disease progression also occur in SIV infection. We observed striking parallels between the rhesus macaque humoral immune(More)
Early full-term pregnancy is one of the most effective natural protections against breast cancer. To investigate this effect, we have characterized the global gene expression and epigenetic profiles of multiple cell types from normal breast tissue of nulliparous and parous women and carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. We found significant differences in(More)