Michael Graefe

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CD40 ligand (CD40L, CD154), a transmembrane protein structurally related to the cytokine TNF-alpha, was originally identified on stimulated CD4+ T cells, and later on stimulated mast cells and basophils. Interaction of CD40L on T cells with CD40 on B cells is of paramount importance for the development and function of the humoral immune system. CD40 is not(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and exert several vascular effects that may provide a dual benefit of these receptors on metabolic disorders and atherosclerotic vascular disease. Endothelial cell migration is a key event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We therefore investigated the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Low-dose dobutamine challenge (DSMR) by MRI was compared with delayed enhancement imaging with Gd-DTPA (SCAR) as a predictor of improvement of wall motion after revascularization (RECOVERY). METHODS AND RESULTS In 29 patients with coronary artery disease (68+/-7 years of age, 2 women, 32+/-8% ejection fraction), wall motion was evaluated(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and -2alpha are key regulators of the transcriptional response to hypoxia and pivotal in mediating the consequences of many disease states. In the present work, we define their temporo-spatial accumulation after myocardial infarction and systemic hypoxia. Rats were exposed to hypoxia or underwent coronary artery(More)
Migration of endothelial cells (EC) is a key event in angiogenesis that contributes to neovascularization in diabetic vasculopathy. Leptin induces angiogenesis and is elevated in obesity and hyperinsulinemia. The antidiabetic thiazolidinediones (TZD) inhibit leptin gene expression and vascular smooth muscle cell migration through activation of the(More)
Endothelial cells of the arterial vascular system and the heart contain straight actin filament bundles, of which there are few, if any, in the venous endothelium. Since stress fibre-containing endothelial cells within the vascular system tend to be located at sites exposed to particularly high shear stress of blood flow, we have investigated, in an(More)
UNLABELLED C-reactive protein (CRP) is a pluripotent mediator of inflammation and is present at sites of vascular injury and in atherosclerotic lesions. CRP stimulates endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression and monocyte migration, thereby contributing to the development and progression of vascular lesion formation. In addition, chronic exposure to(More)
In vivo models to investigate mechanisms of local hemostasis in the macro- and microvascular coronary circulation are not available. Therefore, we established a culture system of human macro- and microvascular endothelial cells with high cellular yield and high endothelial cell purity. Microvascular endothelial cells from human hearts were isolated by(More)
Neutral endopeptidase 24.11, a membrane-bound metallopeptidase, cleaves, and degrades vasoactive peptides such as atrial natriuretic peptide, endothelin, angiotensin I, substance P, and bradykinin. Therefore, the presence of this metallopeptidase may contribute to the regulation of vascular tone and local inflammatory responses in the vascular endothelium(More)
Endothelial cells (EC) play a central role in inflammatory immune responses and efficiently induce effector functions in T cells, despite lacking the classical costimulatory ligands CD80 and CD86. By using the mAb HIL-131 we now demonstrate that human inducible costimulator-ligand (ICOS-L), a molecule related to CD80/CD86, is constitutively expressed on(More)