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We have recently demonstrated that a non-polymorphic rhoptry antigen, RAP-1 (rhoptry associated protein-1), which is recognised by human immune serum, can successfully protect Saimiri monkeys from a lethal infection of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In this report we further characterise the antigen, which consists of four major proteins of 80, 65, 42 and(More)
A repetitive DNA fragment cloned from the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, has been analysed. It contains a 21 base pair sequence which occurs in multiple tandem repeats. Two clusters of the same repeat are found in opposite orientations on the same DNA fragment. The repetitive DNA provides an additional way to distinguish between different strains(More)
The late blood stages of the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, carry a major surface antigen, p190, of molecular weight (Mr) 190,000. This antigenically variable protein is actively processed, first as the parasite matures and again when it is released into the blood stream and invades a new erythrocyte to initiate a cycle of growth. It elicits(More)
The gene encoding DNA polymerase alpha from the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has been sequenced and characterised. The deduced amino acid sequence possesses the seven sequence motifs which characterise eukaryotic replicative DNA polymerases (I-VII) and four of five motifs (A-E) identified in alpha DNA polymerases. The predicted protein also(More)
We have defined a new gene, alt, which affects RNA synthesis in Escherichia coli. Mutants for alt arise among revertants of strains lacking the CRP-cAMP system necessary for full expression of catabolite-sensitive operons. Studies on a temperature-sensitive alt mutant indicate that the alt gene product is necessary for the synthesis of an important class of(More)
Merozoites of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum carry surface proteins processed from a precursor termed p190 or p195. Polymorphism has been reported in this protein. Since the protein is a candidate for a malaria vaccine, it is important to understand the nature of this polymorphism. We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the p190(More)
Exp-1 is an antigen of Plasmodium falciparum which is transported from the parasite cell to the membrane of the parasitophorous vacuole and to membranous compartments in the erythrocyte. To investigate how this protein is transported, we studied the synthesis and membrane translocation of exp-1 in a cell-free system. The protein was translocated into canine(More)
A cloned repetitive DNA sequence (rep20) was evaluated as a diagnostic probe specific for Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites using experimentally infected mosquitoes squashed directly on nylon filters. Head/thorax portions of mosquitoes, killed 14-16 days after ingesting P. falciparum-infected blood, gave positive signals when examined for the presence of P.(More)
Three mutations in Plasmodium falciparum yielding increased resistance to pyrimethamine were obtained following treatment with chemical mutagens and selection in presence of pyrimethamine. From parasite clone TM4/8.2 a mutant, TM4/8.2/4.1, was produced which raised pyrimethamine resistance about 500 times and was found to involve an amino acid change in the(More)
The gene encoding the malarial homologue of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, PCNA, has been identified and characterised. It is located on chromosome 13. The coding sequence of 825 nucleotides predicts a protein of 30,586 Da. There are no introns and northern analysis reveals a transcript of approximately 1.6kb. The conserved residues which characterise(More)