Learn More
OBJECTIVE Ceftriaxone has been reported to reduce neuronal damage in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and in an in-vitro model of neuronal ischaemia through increased expression and activity of the glutamate transporter, GLT1. We tested the effects of ceftriaxone on mortality, neurological outcome, and infarct size in experimental stroke in rats and looked for(More)
INTRODUCTION Maternal body mass index has an impact on maternal and fetal pregnancy outcome. An increased maternal BMI is known to be associated with admission of the newborn to a neonatal care unit. The reasons and impact of this admission on fetal outcome, however, are unknown so far. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myocardial fibrosis is an unwanted effect associated with chronic renal failure. The adenosine system is involved in cardiac and renal function. Therefore, we investigated the novel selective adenosine A(1) receptor antagonist SLV320 focusing on its potential in preventing cardiomyopathy in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Active transport of NaCl across thick ascending limb (TAL) epithelium is accomplished by Na(+),K(+),2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC2). The activity of NKCC2 is determined by vasopressin (AVP) or intracellular chloride concentration and includes its amino-terminal phosphorylation. Co-expressed Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) has been proposed to interact with NKCC2.(More)
OBJECTIVES The nitric oxide-soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)-cGMP signal transduction pathway is impaired in different cardiovascular diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and arterial hypertension. Riociguat is a novel stimulator of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). However, little is known about the effects of sGC stimulators in(More)
BACKGROUND Growth factors such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) are believed to have an essential role in cardiac fibrosis. Tranilast (N(3,4-dimethoxycinnamoyl) anthranilic acid) attenuates the increased expression of TGF beta mRNA in vitro. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether tranilast reduces cardiac fibrosis in rats with two-kidney, one-clip(More)
Maternal low-protein diet during pregnancy is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease of the offspring in later life. The impact of high-protein diet during pregnancy on the cardiovascular phenotype of the offspring, however, is still unknown. We examined the influence of a high-protein diet during pregnancy and lactation on the renal, hemodynamic, and(More)
Myocardial remodeling is an adaptive response of the myocardium to several forms of stress culminating in cardiac fibrosis, left ventricular dilation, and loss of contractility. The remodeling processes of the extracellular matrix are controlled by matrix metalloproteinases, which are in turn regulated by growth factors and inflammatory cytokines. The(More)
Tissue concentrations of ET-1 are markedly elevated in the kidneys of Han:Sprague-Dawley (Han:SPRD) rats, a model of human autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). This study analyzed whether disease progression might be attenuated by endothelin receptor antagonists. Heterozygous Han:SPRD rats received an ETA receptor antagonist (LU 135252), a(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is a serious complication of diabetes associated with a poor prognosis which deteriorates to end-stage renal disease. Increased urinary excretion of protein and albumin are early clinical markers for diabetic renal disease and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Diabetes causes activation of the renal endothelin system inducing(More)