Michael Georgas

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This paper presents photonic devices with 3 dB/cm waveguide loss fabricated in an existing commercial electronic 45 nm SOI-CMOS foundry process. By utilizing existing front-end fabrication processes the photonic devices are monolithically integrated with electronics in the same physical device layer as transistors achieving 4 ps logic stage delay, without(More)
Data transport across short electrical wires is limited by both bandwidth and power density, which creates a performance bottleneck for semiconductor microchips in modern computer systems--from mobile phones to large-scale data centres. These limitations can be overcome by using optical communications based on chip-scale electronic-photonic systems enabled(More)
A monolithically-integrated optical receiver for lowenergy on-chip and off-chip communication is presented. The monolithic photodiode integration enables the energy-efficient and high-sensitivity sense-amplifier-based receiver design. The receiver is characterized in situ and shown to operate with μAsensitivity at 3.5 Gb/s with a power consumption of 180 μW(More)
Integrated photonic interconnect technology presents a disruptive alternative to electrical I/O for many VLSI applications. Superior bandwidth-density and energy-efficient operation can be realized through dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) and lower transmission losses. There are two main paths towards an integrated platform.(More)
Integrated photonic interconnects have emerged recently as a potential solution for relieving on-chip and chip-to-chip bandwidth bottlenecks for next-generation many-core processors. To help bridge the gap between device and circuit/system designers, and aid in understanding of inherent photonic link tradeoffs, we present a set of link component models for(More)
We demonstrate the first (to the best of our knowledge) depletion-mode carrier-plasma optical modulator fabricated in a standard advanced complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) logic process (45 nm node SOI CMOS) with no process modifications. The zero-change CMOS photonics approach enables this device to be monolithically integrated into(More)
Silicon-photonics is an emerging technology that can overcome the tradeoffs faced by traditional electrical I/O. Due to ballooning development costs for advanced CMOS nodes, however, widespread adoption necessitates seamless photonics integration into mainstream processes, with as few process changes as possible. In this work, we demonstrate a(More)
Processor manufacturers have turned to parallelism to continue to improve processor performance, and the bandwidth demands of these systems have risen. Silicon photonics can lower the energy-per-bit of core-to-core and core-to-memory interconnects to help alleviate bandwidth bottlenecks. In this thesis, methods of controlling the amount of charge entering(More)
A new thermal tuning circuit for optical ring modulators enables demonstration of an optical chip-to-chip link for the first time with monolithically integrated photonic devices in a commercial 45nm SOI process, without any process changes. The tuning circuit uses independent 1/0 level-tracking and 1/0 bit counting to remain resilient against laser(More)
An optical transmitter and receiver with monolithically-integrated photonic devices and circuits are demonstrated together for the first time in a commercial 45nm SOI process, without any process changes. The transmitter features an interleaved-junction carrier-depletion ring modulator and operates at 3.5Gb/s with an 8dB extinction ratio and combined(More)