Michael Gavin

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Discussion paper for the Inter-American Bank/Group of 30 conference on Banking Crises in Latin America, October 6 and 7, 1995. The views expressed here are the authors' only, and do not represent those of the Inter-American Development Bank or other members of its staff. Comments from Guillermo Calvo, Morris Goldstein, Steve Weisbrod and Roberto Zahler, and(More)
The differences in the richness and prevalence of human pathogens among different geographical locations have ramifying consequences for societies and individuals. The relative contributions of different factors to these patterns, however, have not been fully resolved. We conduct a global analysis of the relative influence of climate, alternative host(More)
This paper examines empirically the link between real exchange rate uncertainty and private investment in developing countries using a large cross country-time series data set. The paper builds a GARCH-based measure of real exchange rate volatility and finds that it has a strong negative impact on investment, after controlling for other standard investment(More)
Illegal use of natural resources is a threat to biodiversity globally, but research on illegal activities has methodological challenges. We examined 100 studies that empirically identify targeted resources, techniques used to procure resources illegally, locations of illegal activities, characteristics of typical violators, incentives driving illegal use of(More)
We contend that biocultural approaches to conservation can achieve effective and just conservation outcomes while addressing erosion of both cultural and biological diversity. Here, we propose a set of guidelines for the adoption of biocultural approaches to conservation. First, we draw lessons from work on biocultural diversity and heritage,(More)
Although ecological forces are known to shape the expression of sociality across a broad range of biological taxa, their role in shaping human behavior is currently disputed. Both comparative and experimental evidence indicate that beliefs in moralizing high gods promote cooperation among humans, a behavioral attribute known to correlate with environmental(More)