Michael Garvey

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Knowing which fraction of a phytoplankton population is viable would often be helpful in answering ecological or physiological questions. However, viability stains (1) often do not function properly, especially with diatoms, (2) are rarely used, and (3) frequently appear to give ambiguous results. Here, we investigate the performance of the FDA viability(More)
AIMS To investigate critical electrical and biological factors governing the efficacy of pulsed light (PL) for the in vitro inactivation of bacteria isolated from the clinical environment. Development of this alternative PL decontamination approach is timely, as the incidence of health care-related infections remains unacceptably high. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Unmodified racemic sites on heterogeneous chiral catalysts reduce their overall enantioselectivity, but this effect is mitigated in the Orito reaction (methyl pyruvate (MP) hydrogenation to methyl lactate) by an increased hydrogenation reactivity. Here, this effect is explored on a R-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine (NEA)-modified Pd(111) model catalyst where(More)
Density functional theory is used to calculate the shear strength of a thin KCl film grown epitaxially on an Fe(100) substrate. It is first demonstrated that the calculations accurately reproduce the experimental values of the shear moduli of bulk KCl. The method is then extended to calculating the shear properties of a three-layer slab of KCl on an Fe(100)(More)
In occupying an intermediate trophic position, herbivorous insects serve a vital link between plants at the base of the food chain and parasitoids at the top. Although these herbivore-mediated indirect plant-parasitoid interactions are well-documented, new studies have uncovered previously undescribed mechanisms that are fundamentally changing how we view(More)
The presence of pathogenic organisms namely parasite species and bacteria in biofilms in veterinary settings, is a public health concern in relation to human and animal exposure. Veterinary clinics represent a significant risk factor for the transfer of pathogens from housed animals to humans, especially in cases of wound infection and the shedding of(More)
The structure of the 1-D oligomer chains that form on a Au(111) surface following adsorption of 1,4-phenylene diisocyanide (PDI) is explored using reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The experimental work is complemented by first-principles density functional theory calculations, which indicate that the(More)