Michael G. Zagorski

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  • Liming Hou, Haiyan Shao, +11 authors Michael G Zagorski
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society
  • 2004
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the aggregation and fibrillation of the 40-residue A beta(1-40) and 42-residue A beta(1-42) peptides into amyloid plaques. The structural changes associated with the conversion of monomeric A beta peptide building blocks into multimeric fibrillar beta-strand aggregates remain unknown. Recently, we(More)
The 42-residues beta-(1-42) peptide is the major protein component of amyloid plaque cores in Alzheimer's disease. In aqueous solution at physiological pH, the synthetic beta-(1-42) peptide readily aggregates and precipitates as oligomeric beta-sheet structures, a process that occurs during amyloid formation in Alzheimer's disease. Using circular dichroism(More)
The A4 or beta-peptide (39 to 43 amino acid residues) is the principal proteinaceous component of amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease. Using circular dichroism (c.d.), we have studied the secondary structures and aggregational properties in solution of 4 synthetic amyloid beta-peptides: beta-(1-28), beta-(1-39), beta-(1-42) and beta-(29-42). The natural(More)
Prion propagation in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies involves the conversion of cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a pathogenic conformer, PrP(Sc). Hereditary forms of the disease are linked to specific mutations in the gene coding for the prion protein. To gain insight into the molecular basis of these disorders, the solution structure of the(More)
With the ever-increasing population of aged individuals at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), there is an urgent need for a sensitive, specific, non-invasive, and diagnostic standard. The majority of efforts have focused on auto-antibodies against amyloid-beta (Abeta) protein, both as a potential treatment, and a reliable biomarker of AD(More)
The secondary structures in solution of the synthetic, naturally occurring, amyloid beta peptides, residues 1 to 42 [beta (1-42)] and beta (1-39), and related fragments, beta (1-28) and beta (29-42), have been studied by circular dichroism and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In patients with Alzheimer's disease, extracellular(More)
The amyloid beta-peptide is the major protein constituent of neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease. The beta-peptide varies slightly in length and exists in two predominant forms: (1) the shorter, 40 residue beta-(1-40), found mainly in cerebrovascular amyloid; and (2) the longer, 42 residue beta-(1-42), which is the major component in amyloid plaque core(More)
The application of Raman spectroscopy to characterize natively unfolded proteins has been underdeveloped, even though it has significant technical advantages. We propose that a simple three-component band fitting of the amide I region can assist in the conformational characterization of the ensemble of structures present in natively unfolded proteins. The(More)
Formation of alpha-synuclein aggregates is proposed to be a crucial event in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Large soluble oligomeric species are observed as probable intermediates during fibril formation and these, or related aggregates, may constitute the toxic element that triggers neurodegeneration. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of(More)