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This study reports a retrospective analysis of 16 patients to determine changes in medication costs associated with deep brain stimulation of the bilateral subthalamic nucleus (DBS B-STN). Antiparkinsonian medication (APMED) costs were evaluated pre- and post-operatively at 1 and 2 years, based on prescribed dosages. After treatment with DBS, patients(More)
The concept of major depressive disorder in childhood and adolescence is reviewed and it is suggested that contemporary enthusiasm for this diagnosis may have outrun the evidence that it is a distinct categorical entity. To test the hypothesis that major depression is not a qualitatively distinct disorder in adolescence, but rather a continuously(More)
The goal of this study is to examine the association of depression with intelligence and education in patients with Parkinson's disease treated with bilateral subthalamic nucleus stimulation (STN-DBS). The literature has been contradictory concerning depression in Parkinson's disease patients. Some studies have shown less depression in Parkinson's disease(More)
To identify novel late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) risk genes, we have analysed Amish populations of Ohio and Indiana. We performed genome-wide SNP linkage and association studies on 798 individuals (109 with LOAD). We tested association using the Modified Quasi-Likelihood Score test and also performed two-point and multipoint linkage analyses. We found(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus is an accepted therapy for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). In animal models, pharmacologic ablation and stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus have resulted in clinical improvement and, in some cases, improved survival of dopaminergic neurons. DBS has not been studied in the early stages(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective and approved therapy for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), and a recent study suggests efficacy in mid-stage disease. This manuscript reports the results of a pilot trial investigating preliminary safety and tolerability of DBS in early PD. METHODS Thirty subjects with idiopathic PD (Hoehn & Yahr(More)
The behavioral manifestations of neuropsychological impairment were examined in a sample of hospitalized boys with psychiatric disorders. The presence of neuropsychological deficits was found to be associated with more extensive behavior problems regardless of factors such as IQ, socioeconomic status, and whether there was a documented history of brain(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation provides significant symptomatic benefit for people with advanced Parkinson's disease whose symptoms are no longer adequately controlled with medication. Preliminary evidence suggests that subthalamic nucleus stimulation may also be efficacious in early Parkinson's disease, and results of animal studies suggest that it may(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Attention deficits are often among the most persistent and debilitating impairments resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study examined the effects of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse) in treating attention deficits due to moderate-to-severe TBI. It was the first study of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate with this(More)