Michael G. Toohey

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Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is the most common form of autosomally inherited optic neuropathy. The disease typically presents in childhood with slow bilateral loss of visual acuity, visual field defects, abnormal colour discrimination, and pallor of the optic discs. The majority of DOA families published to date have shown linkage to a major locus on(More)
Transcription from the promoter of mouse mammary tumor virus is subject to induction by several classes of steroid hormones as well as to repression by a negative regulatory element present in the long terminal repeats of proviral DNA. In order to characterize the functional elements of the promoter that in some way must respond to these regulatory signals,(More)
Transcription from the promoter of mouse mammary tumor virus is subject to both positive and negative control by cellular factors, and proviral promoter elements that mediate a basal level of transcription must in some way respond to these cellular regulatory signals. Several such elements, including a TATA box, a region containing three octamer-related(More)
Results: We investigated 26 affected individuals from 5 Australian pedigrees. Two pedigrees with HHCS ascertained independently were subsequently found to form 1 large kindred carrying the mutation A40G. The minimum estimated prevalence of HHCS is 1/200000. One pedigree had the mutation G32C. Among 2 smaller pedigrees studied, one carried a novel mutation(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide a comprehensive description of the clinical presentations, cataract morphology, and molecular basis of hereditary hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome (HHCS) in 4 Australian pedigrees and to estimate its prevalence. METHODS All known cases of HHCS in southeastern Australia were ascertained. Family members provided a medical history(More)
The sequence organization of mouse mammary tumor virus DNA endogenous to the C57BL/6 inbred mouse strain was characterized by Southern blot analysis, utilizing probes specific for particular regions of the mouse mammary tumor virus provirus and by molecular cloning of endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus DNA. The genome of C57BL/6 mice contains three(More)
The activity of the mouse mammary tumor virus promoter was assessed in various sequence contexts with a transient transfection assay in which promoter activity was determined by way of expression of a linked gene encoding chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, as well as by direct analysis of RNA transcripts. The results indicate that the proviral long terminal(More)
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown origin. It occurs at any age, with the peak incidence in the third and fourth decades. The classic diagnostic triad of WG is necrotising granuloma of the upper or lower respiratory tract, vasculitis, and nephritis. Identifying a raised ANCA titre is virtually(More)
Sets of genes under a common regulatory control in a given cell type are often differentially transcribed. The possibility that this differential transcription can be modulated by the number or strength of cis-acting regulatory sequences associated with a given gene was tested by using the glucocorticoid-responsive enhancer element associated with the mouse(More)
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