Michael G Tomlinson

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Adapters can be defined as proteins that mediate intermolecular interactions within a signal transduction pathway and that lack both intrinsic enzymatic and transcriptional activity. Their essential role in lymphocyte signaling was revealed by recent analyses of mice and cell lines deficient in LAT, SLP-76 and BLNK. These and other adapters nucleate(More)
The collagen receptor glycoprotein VI (GPVI) induces platelet activation through a similar pathway to that used by immune receptors. In the present study we have investigated the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) in GPVI signalling. Our results show that collagen-related peptide {CRP: [GCP*(GPP*)(10)GCP*G](n); P*=hydroxyproline}, which is(More)
A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) is a ubiquitous transmembrane metalloprotease that cleaves the extracellular regions from over 40 different transmembrane target proteins, including Notch and amyloid precursor protein. ADAM10 is essential for embryonic development and is also important in inflammation, cancer, and Alzheimer disease. However,(More)
The platelet surface is poorly characterized due to the low abundance of many membrane proteins and the lack of specialist tools for their investigation. In this study we identified novel human platelet and mouse megakaryocyte membrane proteins using specialist proteomics and genomics approaches. Three separate methods were used to enrich platelet surface(More)
The Tec family of protein-tyrosine kinases (PTKs), that includes Tec, Itk, Btk, Bmx, and Txk, plays an essential role in phospholipase Cgamma (PLCgamma) activation following antigen receptor stimulation. This function requires activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase), which promotes Tec membrane localization through phosphatidylinositol(More)
Platelets play an essential role in wound healing by forming thrombi that plug holes in the walls of damaged blood vessels. To achieve this, platelets express a diverse array of cell surface receptors and signaling proteins that induce rapid platelet activation. In this study we show that two platelet glycoprotein receptors that signal via an immunoreceptor(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is mutated in X-linked agammaglobulinemia patients and plays an essential role in B cell receptor signal transduction. Btk is a member of the Tec family of nonreceptor protein-tyrosine kinases that includes Bmx, Itk, Tec, and Txk. Cell lines deficient for Btk are impaired in phospholipase C-gamma2 (PLCgamma2)-dependent(More)
Vitamin D stimulates transcription of antiangiogenic and apoptotic factors that may suppress tumours, while vitamin D binding protein (DBP) may be a biomarker in murine lung cancer models. We sought to ascertain whether the vitamin D axis is altered in lung cancer or influences prognosis. 148 lung cancer patients, 68 other intrathoracic cancer patients and(More)
The two lectin receptors, CLEC-2 and Dectin-1, have been shown to signal through a Syk-dependent pathway, despite the presence of only a single YXXL in their cytosolic tails. In this study, we show that stimulation of CLEC-2 in platelets and in two mutant cell lines is dependent on the YXXL motif and on proteins that participate in signaling by(More)
Loss of the tumor suppressor MMAC1 has been shown to be involved in breast, prostate and brain cancer. Consistent with its identification as a tumor suppressor, expression of MMAC1 has been demonstrated to reduce cell proliferation, tumorigenicity, and motility as well as affect cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions of malignant human glioma cells.(More)