Michael G. Sehorn

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The Rad51 recombinase polymerizes on ssDNA to yield a right-handed nucleoprotein filament, called the presynaptic filament, that can search for homology in duplex DNA and pair the recombining DNA molecules to form a DNA joint. ATP is needed for presynaptic filament assembly and homologous DNA pairing, but the roles of ATP binding and ATP hydrolysis in the(More)
Members of the RecQ helicase family play critical roles in genome maintenance. There are five RecQ homologs in mammals, and defects in three of these (BLM, WRN, and RECQL4) give rise to cancer predisposition syndromes in humans. RECQL and RECQL5 have not been associated with a human disease. Here we show that deletion of Recql5 in mice results in cancer(More)
The eukaryotic RecA homologs Rad51 and Dmc1 are essential for strand exchange between homologous chromosomes during meiosis. All members of the RecA family of recombinases polymerize on DNA to form helical nucleoprotein filaments, which is the active form of the protein. Here we compare the filament structures of the Rad51 and Dmc1 proteins from both human(More)
Homologous recombination is crucial for the repair of DNA breaks and maintenance of genome stability. In Escherichia coli, homologous recombination is dependent on the RecA protein. In the presence of ATP, RecA mediates the homologous DNA pairing and strand exchange reaction that links recombining DNA molecules. DNA joint formation is initiated through the(More)
Two RecA orthologs, Rad51 and Dmc1, mediate homologous recombination in meiotic cells. During budding yeast meiosis, Hed1 coordinates the actions of Rad51 and Dmc1 by down-regulating Rad51 activity. It is thought that Hed1-dependent attenuation of Rad51 facilitates formation of crossovers that are necessary for the correct segregation of chromosomes at the(More)
The HOP2 and MND1 genes are indispensable for meiotic recombination. The products of these genes associate to form a stable heterodimeric complex that binds DNA and stimulates the recombinase activity of Rad51 and Dmc1. Here we conduct molecular studies to delineate the action mechanism of the Hop2-Mnd1 complex. We present evidence to implicate Hop2 as the(More)
The C-terminal, polypeptide binding domain of the 70-kDa molecular chaperone DnaK is composed of a unique lidlike subdomain that appears to hinder steric access to the peptide binding site. We have expressed, purified, and characterized a lidless form of DnaK to test the influence of the lid on the ATPase activity, on interdomain communication, and on the(More)
In this study, we have used surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and isothermal microtitration calorimetry (ITC) to study the mechanism of complex formation between the Hsp70 molecular chaperone, DnaK, and its cochaperone, GrpE, which is a nucleotide exchange factor. Experiments were geared toward understanding the influence of DnaK's three domains, the ATPase(More)
BRCA2 likely exerts its tumor suppressor function by enhancing the efficiency of the homology-directed repair of injured chromosomes. To help define the DNA repair role of BRCA2, we expressed and purified a polypeptide, BRC3/4-DBD, that harbors its BRC3 and BRC4 repeats and DNA binding domain. BRC3/4-DBD interacted with hRad51 and bound DNA with a distinct(More)