Michael G. Ruddy

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Previous investigators have argued that printed words are recognized directly from visual representations and/or phonological representations obtained through phonemic recoding. The present research tested these hypotheses by manipulating graphemic and phonemic relations within various pairs of letter strings. Ss in two experiments classified the pairs as(More)
This study investigated the predictability of cognitive differences at 12 months from infant and maternal behaviors at 4 months. Babies who showed more habituation and faster habituation at 4 months scored higher on the Bayley Scales and had larger speaking vocabularies at 12 months. Success with select 4-month Bayley Scale items also predicted 12-month(More)
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