The possible role of 5-HT(6) receptor antagonists in the treatment of learning and memory disorders has stimulated significant recent work in this area. The first selective antagonists of this receptor were identified by Roche (Ro 04-6790 and Ro 63-0563) and SmithKline Beecham (SB-271046), although they only had poor to modest brain penetration,… (More)
Imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidines and imidazo[1,2-b][1,2,4]triazines are ligands for the benzodiazepine binding site of GABA(A) receptors that are functionally selective for the alpha2/alpha3 subtypes over the alpha1 subtype. SAR studies to optimise this functional selectivity, pharmacokinetic and behavioural data are described.
2,5-Dihydropyrazolo[4,3-c]pyridin-3-ones are GABAA receptor benzodiazepine binding site ligands with functional selectivity for the alpha3 subtype over the alpha1 subtype. SAR studies to optimise this functional selectivity are described.
The identification of a series of imidazo[1,2-b][1,2,4]triazines with high affinity and functional selectivity for the GABA(A) alpha3-containing receptor subtype is described, leading to the identification of a clinical candidate, 11. Compound 11 shows good bioavailability and half-life in preclinical species, and it is a nonsedating anxiolytic in both rat… (More)
There is increasing evidence that compounds with selectivity for gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) alpha2- and/or alpha3-subtypes may retain the desirable anxiolytic activity of nonselective benzodiazepines but possess an improved side effect profile. Herein we describe a novel series of GABA(A) alpha2/alpha3 subtype-selective agonists leading to the… (More)
2,5-Dihydro-3H-pyrazolo[4,3-c]pyridin-3-ones are GABAA receptor benzodiazepine binding site ligands, which can exhibit functional selectivity for the alpha3 subtype over the alpha1 subtype. SAR studies to optimize this functional selectivity are described.
Novel synthetic routes have been devised for the preparation of previously inaccessible 2,3,7-trisubstituted pyrazolo[1,5-d][1,2,4]triazines 2. These compounds are high affinity ligands for the GABA(A) benzodiazepine binding site and some analogues show functional selectivity for agonism at alpha3-containing receptors over alpha1-containing receptors with… (More)