Michael G. Millin

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CONTEXT Helicopter emergency medical services and their possible effect on outcomes for traumatically injured patients remain a subject of debate. Because helicopter services are a limited and expensive resource, a methodologically rigorous investigation of its effectiveness compared with ground emergency medical services is warranted. OBJECTIVE To assess(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the current literature on the effects of ambulance diversion (AD). METHODS The authors performed a systematic review of AD and its effects. PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane database, societal meeting abstracts, and references from relevant articles were searched. All articles were screened for relevance to AD. RESULTS The authors(More)
INTRODUCTION Reducing unnecessary ambulance transports may have operational and economic benefits for emergency medical services (EMS) agencies and receiving emergency departments. However, no consensus exists on the ability of paramedics to accurately and safely identify patients who do not require ambulance transport. Objective. This systematic review and(More)
This position statement with accompanying resource document is the result of a collaborative effort of a writing group comprised of members of the Air Medical Physician Association (AMPA), the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), the National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP), and the American Academy of Emergency Medicine (AAEM). This(More)
INTRODUCTION The American Heart Association recommends that post-arrest patients with evidence of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on electrocardiogram (ECG) be emergently taken to the catheterization lab for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, recommendations regarding the utility of emergent PCI for patients without ST elevation(More)
The American Heart Association estimates an annual incidence of stroke in the United States at 700,000, leading to over 150,000 deaths. Of all strokes, approximately 88% are ischemic and 12% are hemorrhagic. Almost half of all stroke deaths occur in the out-of-hospital environment. Within a given region, the emergency medical services (EMS) system has an(More)
With increasing demands for emergency medical services (EMS), many EMS jurisdictions are utilizing EMS provider-initiated nontransport policies as a method to offload potentially nonemergent patients from the EMS system. EMS provider determination of medical necessity, resulting in nontransport of patients, has the potential to avert unnecessary emergency(More)
The emergency medical services (EMS) system is a component of a larger health care safety net and a key component of an integrated emergency health care system. EMS systems, and their patients, are significantly impacted by emergency department (ED) crowding. While protocols designed to limit ambulance diversion may be effective at limiting time on divert(More)