Michael G Levitzky

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BACKGROUND Cystic Fibrosis is a pleiotropic disease in humans with primary morbidity and mortality associated with a lung disease phenotype. However, knockout in the mouse of cftr, the gene whose mutant alleles are responsible for cystic fibrosis, has previously failed to produce a readily, quantifiable lung phenotype. RESULTS Using measurements of(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder of upper airway obstruction during sleep. The effects of intermittent upper airway obstruction include alveolar hypoventilation, altered arterial blood gases and acid-base status, and stimulation of the arterial chemoreceptors, which leads to frequent arousals. These arousals disturb sleep architecture and(More)
"Distribution of blood flow in isolated lung; relation to vascular and alveolar pressures" by J. B. West, C. T. Dollery, and A. Naimark (J Appl Physiol 19: 713-724, 1964) is a classic paper, although it has not yet been included in the Essays on the American Physiological Society Classic Papers Project (http://www.the-aps.org/publications/classics/). This(More)
The effects of endothelin, ET-1, on pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics were studied in the open chest dog and changes in systemic arterial pressure in dogs under conscious and anesthetized states were compared. Rapid intravenous (IV) bolus injections of ET-1, 100-1,000 nanograms/kg, significantly decreased systemic arterial pressure, and significantly(More)
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