Michael G. Kauffman

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The nuclear export protein XPO1 is overexpressed in cancer, leading to the cytoplasmic mislocalization of multiple tumor suppressor proteins. Existing XPO1-targeting agents lack selectivity and have been associated with significant toxicity. Small molecule selective inhibitors of nuclear export (SINEs) were designed that specifically inhibit XPO1. Genetic(More)
Overexpression of the cellular nuclear exportin 1, more commonly called chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1), has been associated with malignant progression and mortality. Therefore, activation of nuclear export can play a significant etiologic role in some forms of human neoplasia and serve as a novel target for the treatment of these cancers. Mantle(More)
We report the discovery of a novel, potent, and selective amidosulfonamide nonazapirone 5-HT1A agonist for the treatment of anxiety and depression, which is now in Phase III clinical trials for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The discovery of 20m (PRX-00023), N-{3-[4-(4-cyclohexylmethanesulfonylaminobutyl)piperazin-1-yl]phenyl}acetamide, and its backup(More)
This study explored the anti-leukaemic efficacy of novel irreversible inhibitors of the major nuclear export receptor, chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1, also termed XPO1). We found that these novel CRM1 antagonists, termed SINE (Selective Inhibitors of Nuclear Export), induced rapid apoptosis at low nanomolar concentrations in a panel of 14 human(More)
As tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) fail to induce long-term response in blast crisis chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML-BC) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), novel therapies targeting leukemia-dysregulated pathways are necessary. Exportin-1 (XPO1), also known as chromosome maintenance protein 1, regulates cell(More)
Chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1) is a nuclear export receptor recognizing proteins bearing a leucine-rich nuclear export signal. CRM1 is involved in nuclear export of tumor suppressors such as p53. We investigated the prognostic significance of CRM1 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and effects of a novel small-molecule selective inhibitor of CRM1.(More)
Chromosome maintenance protein 1 (CRM1) is a nuclear export receptor involved in the active transport of tumor suppressors (e.g., p53 and nucleophosmin) whose function is altered in cancer because of increased expression and overactive transport. Blocking CRM1-mediated nuclear export of such proteins is a novel therapeutic strategy to restore tumor(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Tumor-suppressor proteins are inactivated by many different mechanisms, including nuclear exclusion by chromosome region maintenance (CRM)-1. Increased tumor levels of CRM-1 have been correlated with poor prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer, making it a therapeutic target. Selective inhibitors of nuclear export (SINEs) bind to(More)
The nuclear export protein chromosome maintenance region 1, found to be elevated in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, controls localization of critical tumor suppressor proteins. Nuclear localization of tumor suppressor proteins is necessary for their cell surveillance function. However, their nuclear exclusion by chromosome maintenance region 1 renders them(More)
Purpose This trial evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy of selinexor (KPT-330), a novel, oral small-molecule inhibitor of exportin 1 (XPO1/CRM1), and determined the recommended phase II dose. Patients and Methods In total, 189 patients with advanced solid tumors received selinexor (3 to 85 mg/m2) in 21- or 28-day cycles.(More)