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A phenomenological model was developed to describe responses of high-spontaneous-rate auditory-nerve (AN) fibers, including several nonlinear response properties. Level-dependent gain (compression), bandwidth, and phase properties were implemented with a control path that varied the gain and bandwidth of tuning in the signal-path filter. By making the(More)
The perceptual significance of the cochlear amplifier was evaluated by predicting level-discrimination performance based on stochastic auditory-nerve (AN) activity. Performance was calculated for three models of processing: the optimal all-information processor (based on discharge times), the optimal rate-place processor (based on discharge counts), and a(More)
A computational auditory nerve (AN) model was developed for use in modeling psychophysical experiments with normal and impaired human listeners. In this phenomenological model, many physiologically vulnerable response properties associated with the cochlear amplifier are represented by a single nonlinear control mechanism, including the effects of(More)
People with sensorineural hearing loss are often constrained by a reduced acoustic dynamic range associated with loudness recruitment; however, the neural correlates of loudness and recruitment are still not well understood. The growth of auditory-nerve (AN) activity with sound level was compared in normal-hearing cats and in cats with a noise-induced(More)
We present a model for tone-in-noise detection at low frequencies that includes a physiologically realistic mechanism for processing the information in neural discharge times. The proposed model exploits the frequency-dependent phase properties of the tuned filters in the auditory periphery and uses cross-auditory-nerve-fiber coincidence detection to(More)
The medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) has been hypothesized to provide benefit for listening in noise. Strong physiological support for an anti-masking role for the MOCR has come from the observation that auditory nerve (AN) fibers exhibit reduced firing to sustained noise and increased sensitivity to tones when the MOCR is elicited. The present study(More)
The experiments presented in this paper explore the hypothesis that cochlear gain is reduced, in a frequency-specific manner, over the course of a sound (called a "precursor") which was designed to activate the medial olivo-cochlear reflex (MOCR). Psychophysical tuning curves (PTCs) and off-frequency growth of masking (GOM) functions were measured with two(More)
A number of perceptual phenomena related to normal and impaired level coding can be accounted for by the degree of compression in the basilar-membrane (BM) magnitude response. However, the narrow dynamic ranges of auditory-nerve (AN) fibers complicate these arguments. Because the AN serves as an information bottleneck, an improved understanding of the(More)
An analytical approach for quantifying the information in auditory-nerve (AN) fiber responses for the task of level discrimination is described. A simple analytical model for ANT responses is extended to include temporal response properties, including the nonlinear-phase effects of the cochlear amplifier. Use of simple analytical models for AN discharge(More)
The medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) has been hypothesized to provide benefit for listening in noisy environments. This advantage can be attributed to a feedback mechanism that suppresses auditory nerve (AN) firing in continuous background noise, resulting in increased sensitivity to a tone or speech. MOC neurons synapse on outer hair cells (OHCs), and(More)