Michael G. Courtney

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Sulphasalazine extends remissions and lessens disease activity during relapses of ulcerative colitis, but it also causes many adverse side-effects. The adverse reactions are mostly attributable to the sulphapyridine carrier moiety rather than the active principle 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), so agents to deliver 5-ASA to the colon by other means have been(More)
A cloned mouse DNA fragment containing an endogenous "virus-like" DNA (VL30 DNA) sequence was identified by virtue of its ability to hybridize to the virus-like RNA component of mixed-pseudotype AKR-murine leukemia virus virions, its lack of detectable sequence homology with cloned AKR-murine leukemia virus DNA, and its hybridization to a 5.6 kilobase pair(More)
The technique of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) was first described in 1980, as an alternative to traditional surgical methods. The main indication for PEG is the need for longterm nutritional support. It is reported to have many advantages over surgical gastrostomy, being safer and cheaper. We reviewed our experience with the first 44 patients(More)
Two patients are reported who presented with symptoms characteristic of a pancreatic vipoma. The necessity to measure more than one plasma VIP level for diagnosis, and the delay between the onset of illness and diagnosis is illustrated by both cases. Evidence suggests that vipomas are still under reported. The evolution of sophisticated diagnostic and(More)
Hepatitis C virus has been implicated as a major precipitating factor in porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT). To determine whether hepatitis C infection alone is sufficient to induce PCT, we screened two groups of patients with hepatitis C infection. The first group comprised women who had become HCV positive secondary to immunization with anti-D immunoglobulin(More)
The case of a young man with hepatitis A and a chronic course is presented. The patient received a short course of steroid therapy for recurrence of symptoms following acute hepatitis A. Thereafter, liver enzymes have remained marginally elevated for 4 years and annual liver biopsies have shown evidence of chronicity. HAV IgM Ab persisted for 1034 days with(More)
The VL30 sequences of mouse DNA are a family of sequences with retrovirus-like structure which code for a 30S RNA transcript that can be packaged into the virions of murine leukemia viruses and thereby transmitted from cell to cell. A Southern blot analysis of these sequences revealed that multiple copies are present in the DNA of all mice examined,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate histological findings in untreated chronic hepatitis C patients at diagnosis 17 years after infection and to assess histological progression on repeat liver biopsy 2 years later. PATIENTS Thirty patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), genotype 1b, by contaminated anti-D immunoglobulin in Ireland in 1977 were studied. These(More)
Southern blot analyses using reduced stringency hybridization conditions have been employed to search for sequence homologies between rodent VL30 genes and murine leukemia virus (MuLV) proviruses. These constitute two classes of transposon-like elements previously believed to be genetically unrelated. Our results demonstrate that cloned representatives of(More)