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A cDNA library constructed from haustoria of the rust fungus Uromyces fabae was screened for clones that are differentially expressed in haustoria. One family of cDNAs (in planta-induced gene 2 [PIG2] was isolated and found to encode a protein with high homologies to fungal amino acid transporters. A cDNA clone containing the complete coding region of PIG2(More)
Sequencing the symbiotic region of Bradyrhizobium japonicum revealed a gene cluster (tts) encoding a type III secretion system (TTSS) that is similar to those found in Mesorhizobium loti MAFF303099 and Rhizobium strain NGR234. In addition to genes that are likely to encode structural core components of the TTSS, the cluster contains several open reading(More)
The physical and genetic map of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum chromosome revealed that nitrogen fixation and nodulation genes are clustered. Because of the complex interactions between the bacterium and the plant, we expected this chromosomal sector to contain additional genes that are involved in the maintenance of an efficient symbiosis. Therefore, we(More)
We describe a compilation of 79 known genes of Bradyrhizobium japonicum 110, 63 of which were placed on a correlated physical and genetic map of the chromosome. Genomic DNA was restricted with enzymes PacI, PmeI, and SwaI, which yielded two, five, and nine fragments, respectively. Linkage of some of the fragments was established by performing Southern blot(More)
Cloning and sequencing of a 47.1-kb chromosomal DNA region revealed the presence of a type III secretion system (T3SS) in Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA61. The identified genes are likely to encode the transcriptional activator TtsI, core components of the secretion apparatus and secreted proteins. Several ORFs within the cluster are not conserved in other(More)
Mesorhizobium loti MAFF303099, a microsymbiont of the model legume Lotus japonicus, possesses a cluster of genes (tts) that encode a type III secretion system (T3SS). In the presence of heterologous nodD from Rhizobium leguminosarum and a flavonoid naringenin, we observed elevated expression of the tts genes and secretion of several proteins into the(More)
Sinorhizobium meliloti Rm41 nodulates alfalfa plants, forming indeterminate type nodules. It is characterized by a strain-specific K-antigen able to replace exopolysaccharides in promotion of nodule invasion. We present the Rm41 genome, composed of one chromosome, the chromid pSymB, the megaplasmid pSymA, and the nonsymbiotic plasmid pRme41a. A peculiar(More)
Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 is a fast-growing rhizobial strain infecting a broad range of legumes including both American and Asiatic soybeans. In this work, we present the sequencing and annotation of the HH103 genome (7.25 Mb), consisting of one chromosome and six plasmids and representing the structurally most complex sinorhizobial genome sequenced so(More)
Bradyrhizobium japonicum is the root nodule endosymbiont of soybean (Glycine max), mung bean (Vigna radiata), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), and Siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum). We report the characteristics of a nodulation-gene region of B. japonicum that contributes only marginally to the bacterium's ability to nodulate soybean but is essential for the(More)
This review focuses on the functions of nodulation (nod) genes in the interaction between rhizobia and legumes. The nod genes are the key bacterial determinants of the signal exchange between the two symbiotic partners. The product of the nodD gene is a transcriptional activator protein that functions as receptor for a flavonoid plant compound. This(More)