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BACKGROUND Statins have anti-inflammatory properties that are independent of their lipid-lowering abilities. We hypothesized that statin therapy before the onset of an acute bacterial infection may have a protective effect against severe sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients treated with statins develop severe sepsis less(More)
STUDY QUESTION Does maternal exposure during pregnancy to higher ambient temperature increase the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs)? SUMMARY ANSWER Significant associations were found between maternal exposure during pregnancy to higher ambient temperature and CHDs risk especially during the cold season. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY From rodents to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to detect seizures by amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (EEG) (aEEG) as compared with conventional EEG (cEEG) by clinicians with different levels of expertise. METHODS Simultaneous 10 min aEEG/cEEG recordings were time-locked and assessed for seizure activity. aEEG was assessed by a neonatologist, a fellow and a(More)
Increased homocysteine plasma levels were reported in patients with schizophrenia and Levine et al. (2002) suggested that such increase characterizes mainly males. In the following study we examined whether such increased levels also characterize male siblings of schizophrenia patients. Forty-four pairs of schizophrenia patients and their corresponding(More)
The aim of this study was to correlate amplitude-integrated electroencephalography soon after birth with neurodevelopmental outcome in children who suffered from hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Near term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and amplitude-integrated electroencephalography recording before 6 hours of age were included. Neurologic and(More)
In a prospective study, we assessed the prevalence and significance of visual and hearing impairment in 896 patients who were hospitalized for rehabilitation following hip fracture. Visual impairment was defined as visual acuity equal to worse than 6/60 in the better of the two eyes. Hearing impairment was defined as mean decibel level equal to or higher(More)
This study evaluated the effects of a water exercise training program that includes perturbation exercises (WEP) to improve the speed of voluntary stepping reaction in older adults. Speed of voluntary stepping considered as an important skill to prevent a fall when balance is lost. In a single-blinded randomized controlled trial with a crossover design(More)
BACKGROUND A beneficial effect was observed in patients with psoriasis vulgaris following balneotherapy with Dead Sea bath salt. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the possible role of trace elements in the effectiveness of balneotherapy. METHODS Serum levels of 11 trace elements were analyzed in 23 patients with psoriasis vulgaris who participated in a(More)
Congenital Malformations (CM) impose a heavy burden on families and society. Identification of spatial patterns of CM is useful for understanding the epidemiology of this public health issue. In Israel, about 1,000,000 births and 25,000 CM cases at 37 groups were geocoded during 2000–2006. These were geo-analyzed using global-Moran's-I statistics. Eight(More)
The irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other functional bowel disorders (FBDs) are common functional gastrointestinal disorders. The prevalence of IBS using Rome II criteria is generally lower than with previous criteria. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of IBS and other FBDs in the adult Israeli Jewish population, which has not been(More)