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BACKGROUND Statins have anti-inflammatory properties that are independent of their lipid-lowering abilities. We hypothesized that statin therapy before the onset of an acute bacterial infection may have a protective effect against severe sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients treated with statins develop severe sepsis less(More)
BACKGROUND Head lice move easily from head to head. The lack of safe, effective repellents leads to reinfestation. OBJECTIVES To test the efficacy of a slow-release citronella formulation as a repellent against the head louse. METHODS During 4 months in 2003 a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind clinical study was conducted in four elementary(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Economic analysis in chronic diseases is a prerequisite for planning a proper distribution of health care resources. We aimed to determine the cost of inflammatory bowel disease, a lifetime illness with considerable morbidity. METHODS We studied 1321 patients from an inception cohort in 8 European countries and Israel over 10 years. Data(More)
Recently, homocysteine levels have been reported to be elevated in young male schizophrenic patients. Since smoking, obesity, low folate or low vitamin B12 and various medications can increase homocysteine levels, we studied these variables and other clinical variables in 258 schizophrenic patients. A multiple linear regression for plasma homocysteine was(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess effects of natural and artificial seasonality on reproduction in a large cohort of Muslim and Jewish women, living in the same geographic area. METHODS Population included all births between January 1988 and December 2005 (6613 daily records of 200 009 births) at the Soroka University Medical Center (southern(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the success and complication rates of prostaglandin E2 tablets (PGE2) and a Foley catheter for the ripening of the uterine cervix in post-Cesarean section parturients. STUDY DESIGN The study population in this retrospective cohort study consisted of parturients in their second pregnancy who had undergone Cesarean section in their(More)
BACKGROUND Balneotherapy, traditionally administered during a continuous stay at the Dead Sea area, has been shown to be effective for patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of an intermittent regimen of balneotherapy at the Dead Sea for patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS Forty-four patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate neurocognitive functions of children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), before and after adenotonsillectomy, compared with healthy controls. DESIGN Prospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-nine children with OSAS aged 5 to 9 years (mean age, 6.8 +/- 0.2 years) and 20 healthy children (mean age, 7.4 +/- 1.4 years)(More)
Environmental factors such as ambient air pollution have been associated with congenital heart defects. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between gestational exposure to air pollution and the risk of congenital heart defects. We conducted a registry-based cohort study with a total of 135,527 live- and still-births in the Tel-Aviv(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Half of Israeli Bedouin society has undergone a transition from nomadic existence to permanent towns, causing cultural and social upheaval. The aim was to compare rates of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional bowel disorders (FBDs) between Israeli Bedouins still living under rural conditions with those in permanent towns. (More)