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The IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon calibration curves have been revised utilizing newly available and updated data sets from 14 C measurements on tree rings, plant macrofossils, speleothems, corals, and foraminifera. The calibration curves were derived from the data using the random walk model (RWM) used to generate IntCal09 and Marine09, which has been(More)
The region specific homeotic gene spalt (sal) of Drosophila melanogaster promotes the specification of terminal pattern elements as opposed to segments in the trunk. Our results show that the previously reported sal transcription unit was misidentified. Based on P-element mediated germ line transformation and DNA sequence analysis of sal mutant alleles, we(More)
The authors demonstrate expression of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and its hydroxylases in the endometrium and ovaries of women with and without endometriosis and endometrial or ovarian cancer. Immunohistochemistry showed strong staining of the VDR in endometriosis and endometrial cancer, with the most intense staining in epithelial cells. The VDR mRNA was(More)
Interleukin(IL)-10 and IL-22 are structurally related cytokines. Their heterodimeric receptors consist of the cytokine-specific chains IL-10R1 and IL-22R1, respectively, and the common chain IL-10R2. This study focused on the question of whether IL-10 modulates IL-22 effects and vice versa. This question is important because IL-10 and IL-22 exert anti- and(More)
1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (calcitriol) has been shown to play an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation and immune responsiveness. The enzyme responsible for calcitriol synthesis 25 hydroxyvitamin D(3)-1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-OHase) has been reported in many human tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of 1alpha-OHase in(More)
Although the effectiveness of systemic antipsoriatic treatment with fumaric acid esters has been proven, their mode of action is still not understood. Recent results indicate their potency in inducing cytokine production in stimulated T cells. Since monocytes and their cytokines are also considered to be of pathogenic importance in psoriasis, we(More)
A massive cervicothoracal lymphangioma was diagnosed in a fetus at 25 weeks of gestation. On ultrasound study, the mass showed septated, cystic components and extended from the right submandibular region to the right anterolateral thoracic wall including the right axilla and right scapula. Close sonographic follow-up revealed an increase in the size of the(More)
The increasing carbon dioxide (CO2 ) concentration in the atmosphere in combination with climatic changes throughout the last century are likely to have had a profound effect on the physiology of trees: altering the carbon and water fluxes passing through the stomatal pores. However, the magnitude and spatial patterns of such changes in natural forests(More)
We built a floating, 1382-ring pine chronology covering the radiocarbon age interval of 12,000 to 10,650 BP. Based on the strong rise of ∆ 14 C at the onset of the Younger Dryas (YD) and wiggle-matching of the decadal-scale ∆ 14 C fluctuations , we can anchor the floating chronology to the Cariaco varve chronology. We observe a marine reservoir correction(More)