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In Ustilago maydis, bidirectional transport of early endosomes is microtubule dependent and supports growth and cell separation. During early budding, endosomes accumulate at putative microtubule organizers within the bud, whereas in medium-budded cells, endosome clusters appear at the growing ends of microtubules at the distal cell pole. This suggests that(More)
In soil, Acidobacteria constitute on average 20% of all bacteria, are highly diverse, and are physiologically active in situ. However, their individual functions and interactions with higher taxa in soil are still unknown. Here, potential effects of land use, soil properties, plant diversity, and soil nanofauna on acidobacterial community composition were(More)
Diversity and community structure of aerobic methane-oxidizing bacteria in the littoral sediment of Lake Constance was investigated by cloning analysis and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) fingerprinting of the pmoA gene. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a high diversity of type I and type II methanotrophs in the oxygenated uppermost(More)
Fluorescent Ca(2+) indicator proteins (FCIPs) are attractive tools for studying Ca(2+) dynamics in live cells. Here we describe transgenic mouse lines expressing a troponin C (TnC)-based biosensor. The biosensor is widely expressed in neurons and has improved Ca(2+) sensitivity both in vitro and in vivo. This allows FCIP-based two-photon Ca(2+) imaging of(More)
Freshwater wetlands are a major source of the greenhouse gas methane but at the same time can function as carbon sink. Their response to global warming and environmental pollution is one of the largest unknowns in the upcoming decades to centuries. In this review, we highlight the role of sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRM) in the intertwined element(More)
We present OKEANOS, a distributed service-based agent framework implemented in Java, in which agents can act autonomously and make use of stationary services. Each agent's behaviour can be controlled individually by a rule-based knowledge component, and cooperation between agents is supported through the exchange of messages at common meeting points (agent(More)
16S rRNA genes and transcripts of Acidobacteria were investigated in 57 grassland and forest soils of three different geographic regions. Acidobacteria contributed 9-31% of bacterial 16S rRNA genes whereas the relative abundances of the respective transcripts were 4-16%. The specific cellular 16S rRNA content (determined as molar ratio of rRNA : rRNA genes)(More)
Iron reduction in subseafloor sulfate-depleted and methane-rich marine sediments is currently a subject of interest in subsurface geomicrobiology. While iron reduction and microorganisms involved have been well studied in marine surface sediments, little is known about microorganisms responsible for iron reduction in deep methanic sediments. Here, we used(More)