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A brief and inexpensive cognitive–behavioral prevention program was given to university students at risk for depression. At risk was defined as being in the most pessimistic quarter of explanatory style. Two hundred thirty-one students were randomized into either an 8-week prevention workshop that met in groups of 10, once per week for 2 hr, or into an(More)
We investigate the frequency and psychological correlates of institutional and interpersonal discrimination reported by underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese I, and obese II/III Americans. Analyses use data from the Midlife Development in the United States study, a national survey of more than 3,000 adults ages 25 to 74 in 1995. Compared to normal(More)
This paper presents a fault-injection methodology that predicts how software will behave when: (1) components of the software fail, (2) hardware components external to the software fail, (3) human factor errors occur and bad input is provided to the software, and (4) the software is executing in unlikely operational modes. Because of the enterprise-critical(More)
Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome (VVS) is a common cause of dyspareunia in pre-menopausal women. Previous quantitative sensory test (QST) studies have demonstrated reduced vestibular pain thresholds in these patients. Here we try to find whether QST findings correlate to disease severity. Thirty-five vestibulitis patients, 17 with moderate and 18 with severe(More)
OBJECTIVES In controlled trials of analgesics for the treatment of neuropathic pain, the primary outcome variable is most often a measure of global pain intensity. However, because neuropathic pain is associated with a variety of pain sensations, the effects of analgesic treatments on different sensations could go undetected if specific pain qualities are(More)
We examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and positive and negative affect, and evaluated whether this relationship is mediated (or suppressed) by physical health, intrusiveness of weight on physical functioning, and distressing interpersonal interactions. Analyses were based on a national sample of more than 3,000 adults ages 25 to 74.(More)
rapidly in the developed world over the past 20 years. The World Health Organization (1998) describes this pattern as a " global epidemic. " In the United States, one-quarter of adults are obese, with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher; 50 to 60 percent are classified as overweight or obese with a BMI of 25 or higher (Flegal et al. 2002). Although(More)
Comments on the article by Bellg et al (see record 2004-18051-001). To test the effects of a behavioral change on specific health outcomes, the Behavior Change Consortium insists on strict adherence to fidelity at 5 steps in behavioral trials: study design, provider training, treatment delivery, treatment receipt, and enactment of treatment skills. The(More)
Research suggests that treatments for depression among individuals with chronic physical disease do not improve disease outcomes significantly, and chronic disease management programs do not necessarily improve mood. For individuals experiencing co-morbid depression and chronic physical disease, demands on the self-regulation system are compounded, leading(More)
Methods for identifying differentially expressed genes were compared on time-series microarray data simulated from artificial gene networks. Select methods were further analyzed on existing immune response data of Boldrick et al. (2002, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 972-977). Based on the simulations, we recommend the ANOVA variants of Cui and Churchill.(More)