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We investigate the frequency and psychological correlates of institutional and interpersonal discrimination reported by underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese I, and obese II/III Americans. Analyses use data from the Midlife Development in the United States study, a national survey of more than 3,000 adults ages 25 to 74 in 1995. Compared to normal(More)
This paper presents a fault-injection methodology that predicts how software will behave when: (1) components of the software fail, (2) hardware components external to the software fail, (3) human factor errors occur and bad input is provided to the software, and (4) the software is executing in unlikely operational modes. Because of the enterprise-critical(More)
OBJECTIVE We examine the extent to which body weight affects three types of perceived interpersonal mistreatment, and evaluate whether these patterns vary by race, social class, and gender in a large sample of American men and women. METHODS AND PROCEDURES We use data from the first wave (1995) of the Midlife Development in the United States (N = 3,511),(More)
OBJECTIVE We recently derived a cutoff on a self-report scale corresponding to the most commonly used definition of remission in depression treatment studies (i.e., Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D] score < or = 7). However, recent research has suggested that use of this cutoff on the HAM-D to define remission is overinclusive. The goal of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of medication side effects is one of the most frequent reasons depressed patients discontinue medication, and premature discontinuation of medication is associated with poorer outcome in the treatment of depression. Despite the clinical importance of detecting side effects, few studies have examined the adequacy of their detection and(More)
OBJECTIVE Although experts in the treatment of depression have suggested that achieving remission is the primary goal of treatment, questions remain about how remission should be defined. In antidepressant efficacy trials, remission is defined according to scores on symptom severity scales. Normalization of functioning is often mentioned as an important(More)
OBJECTIVE In treatment studies of depression, remission is typically defined narrowly, based on scores on symptom severity scales. Patients treated in clinical practice, however, define the concept of remission more broadly and consider functional status, coping ability, and life satisfaction as important indicators of remission status. In the present(More)
We examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and positive and negative affect, and evaluated whether this relationship is mediated (or suppressed) by physical health, intrusiveness of weight on physical functioning, and distressing interpersonal interactions. Analyses were based on a national sample of more than 3,000 adults ages 25 to 74.(More)
OBJECTIVE Reliable, valid, user-friendly measurement is necessary to successfully implement an outcomes evaluation program in clinical practice. Self-report questionnaires, which generally correlate highly with clinician ratings, are a cost-effective assessment option. However, even self-administered questionnaires can be burdensome to patients because many(More)