Michael Freissmuth

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UTP stimulates transmitter release and inhibits M-type K(+) channels in rat superior cervical ganglion neurons via G protein-coupled P2Y receptors. To investigate the underlying signaling mechanisms, we treated the neurons with either pertussis or cholera toxin; neither treatment altered the inhibition of M-type K(+) channels by 10 microM UTP. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the ability of neuromonitoring to predict postoperative outcome in patients undergoing thyroid surgery for different indications. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Neuromonitoring has been advocated to reduce the risk of vocal cord palsy and to predict postoperative vocal cord function. METHODS Three hundred twenty-eight patients (502(More)
Glutamatergic neurotransmission is controlled by presynaptic metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). A subdomain in the intracellular carboxyl-terminal tail of group III mGluRs binds calmodulin and heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate-binding protein (G protein) betagamma subunits in a mutually exclusive manner. Mutations interfering with calmodulin(More)
The spatiotemporal regulation of neurotransmitter transporters involves proteins that interact with their intracellular domains. Using a proteomic approach, we identified several proteins that interact with the C terminus of the serotonin transporter (SERT). These included neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), a PSD-95/Disc large/ZO-1 (PDZ)(More)
The A(2A)-adenosine receptor, a prototypical G(s)-coupled receptor, activates mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in a manner independent of cAMP in primary human endothelial cells. In order to delineate signaling pathways that link the receptor to the regulation of MAP kinase, the human A(2A) receptor was heterologously expressed in Chinese hamster(More)
G protein alpha subunits expose specific binding sites that allow for the sequential, conformation-dependent binding of protein reaction partners, e.g., G protein beta gamma dimers, receptors, and effectors. These domains represent potential sites for binding of low-molecular-weight inhibitors. We tested the following suramin analogues as G protein(More)
Signaling by D(2)-dopamine receptors in neurons likely proceeds in the presence of Ca(2+) oscillations. We describe here the biochemical basis for a cross-talk between intracellular Ca(2+) and the D(2) receptor. By activation of calmodulin (CaM), Ca(2+) directly inhibits the D(2) receptor; this conclusion is based on the following observations: (i) The(More)
If stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)293 cells, the human Mel(1a)-melatonin receptor activates G(i)-dependent, pertussis toxin-sensitive signaling pathways, i.e., inhibition of adenylyl cyclase and stimulation of phospholipase Cbeta; the latter on condition that G(q) is coactivated. The antagonist luzindole blocks the effects of melatonin and(More)
Suramin analogues act as direct antagonists of heterotrimeric G proteins because they block the rate-limiting step of G protein activation (i.e., the dissociation of GDP prebound to the G protein alpha subunit). We have used the human brain A1 adenosine receptor and the rat striatal D2 dopamine receptor, two prototypical Gi/G(o)-coupled receptors, as a(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative bleeding after thyroid surgery is a feared and life-threatening complication. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for postoperative bleeding, with special emphasis on the impact of the individual surgeon and the time to diagnosis of the complication. METHODS Data on consecutive thyroid operations were collected(More)