Michael Freidine

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In a routine application of commercially available centromeric DNA probes for the prenatal screening of common trisomies involving the autosomes 13, 18, and 21, and sex chromosomes, four cases of discrepancy between fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results and follow-up cytogenetic analysis were observed from a total of 516 cases of amniocentesis.(More)
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the reliability of the fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of the first polar body (IPB) for cytogenetic evaluation of human oocytes as a method of choice in preimplantation diagnosis of chromosomal aneuploidies. Design: Human unfertilized oocytes and their extruded IPB were analyzed using(More)
Chromosomal aneuploidies contribute considerably to the low pregnancy rate in in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The objective of this experimental work was to explore the possibility of detecting common aneuploidies in oocytes by polar body sampling. The study included 45 infertile patients of advanced maternal age participating in an IVF programme. The first(More)
Purpose: Our purpose was to investigate the feasability of using sequential PCR and FISH analysis of single cells for preimplantation diagnosis. Methods: Protocols for sequential PCR and FISH analysis of a single fibroblast (cell recycling) were optimized for six loci and the rates of allele specific dropout (ADO) were determined. Results: Conditions that(More)
Purpose: The purpose of this work was to investigate the reliability and accuracy of polar body analysis for preimplantation diagnosis of common aneuploidies in IVF patients of advanced maternal age. Design: We have previously introduced polar body analysis as an approach for nondestractive evaluation of the genotype of human oocytes. The method has(More)
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a major cause of newborn mortality and morbidity. In this study we investigated the inflammatory responses and morphological changes in the newborn lung to debris-free meconium instillation. We developed a model for studies of MAS using 2-week-old rabbit pups. Cell death was assessed by DNA staining and detection of DNA(More)
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate homeobox gene expression in human oocytes and preembryos and in postimplantation embryos with impaired embryonic development determined by chromosomal abnormalities. Methods: Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with intron spanning primer sets for Homeobox gene sequences was used.(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform preimplantation gender determination by a combination of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sexing and fluorescent in situ hybridization technique using the directly labeled fluorescent alpha-satellite centromeric DNA probes for X and Y chromosomes. SETTING The IVF program of Illinois Masonic Medical Center. PATIENTS A couple requested(More)
Meiotic chromosomes in ovulated oocytes and G1-chromosome sets visualized in the 2nd PB and in the pronuclei of one-cell stage embryos treated with okadaic acid were studied in female mouse heterozygous for reciprocal translocation T[14;15]6Ca. It was found that 61.5% of oocytes were haploid, 14.9% hyperhaploid and 23.6% hypohaploid. Unpaired chromatid (a(More)
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