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Protein Kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine/threonine kinases whose function is influenced by phosphorylation. In particular, three conserved phosphorylation sites known as the activation-loop, the turn-motif and the hydrophobic-motif play important roles in controlling the catalytic activity, stability and intracellular localisation of the enzyme.(More)
As a result of underlying pathological diseases, such as osteoporosis, osteopenia, or due to altered loading after joint replacements, bones become more susceptible to microdamage accumulation than those of normal human beings, as are those of athletes who undertake strenuous exercise [Stromsoe, 2004. Fracture fixation problems in osteoporosis. Injury 35,(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine/threonine kinases whose activity is controlled, in part, by phosphorylation on three conserved residues that are located on the catalytic domain of the enzyme, known as the activation-loop, the turn-motif, and the C-terminal hydrophobic-motif sites. Using a panel of phospho-specific antibodies, we have determined(More)
Chemokines such as SDF-1α play a crucial role in orchestrating T lymphocyte polarity and migration via polymerization and reorganization of the F-actin cytoskeleton, but the role of actin-associated proteins in this process is not well characterized. In this study, we have investigated a role for L-plastin, a leukocyte-specific F-actin-bundling protein, in(More)
The cell surface receptor CD44 is widely implicated in leukocyte migration to inflammatory sites. In this study, the responses of human T cells following cross-linking of CD44 were examined. We demonstrate that engagement of CD44 using immobilized mAbs or hyaluronan-enriched extracellular matrix lattices induces active migration in T lymphocytes accompanied(More)
In this study, we report that the integrin LFA-1 cross-linking with its ligand ICAM-1 in human PBMCs or CD4(+) T cells promotes Th1 polarization by upregulating IFN-γ secretion and T-bet expression. LFA-1 stimulation in PBMCs, CD4(+) T cells, or the T cell line HuT78 activates the Notch pathway by nuclear translocation of cleaved Notch1 intracellular domain(More)
RNA interfering (RNAi) screening strategies offer the potential to elucidate the signaling pathways that regulate integrin and adhesion receptor-mediated changes in T lymphocyte morphology. Of crucial importance, however, is the definition of key sets of parameters that will provide accurate, quantitative, and nonredundant information to flag relevant hits(More)
The ordered, directional migration of T-lymphocytes is a key process during immune surveillance and response. This requires cell adhesion to the high endothelial venules or to the extracellular matrix by a series of surface receptor/ligand interactions involving adhesion molecules of the integrin family including lymphocyte function associated molecule-1(More)
We observe that protein kinase C (PKC) is phosphorylated on the activation loop at threonine 538 (Thr-538) before T cell activation. Our results are inconsistent with the conclusions of Lee et al. (Reports, 1 April 2005, p. 114) that the Thr-538 phosphorylation of PKC is regulated by T cell receptor activation. Other mechanisms, such as autophosphorylation(More)
UNLABELLED T cell activation and the resultant production of interleukin (IL-2) is a central response of the adaptive immune system to pathogens, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV uses several mechanisms to evade both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune response. Here we demonstrate that liver biopsy specimens from individuals infected with HCV(More)