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Bacteriophages are the most abundant organisms in the biosphere and play major roles in the ecological balance of microbial life. The genomic sequences of ten newly isolated mycobacteriophages suggest that the bacteriophage population as a whole is amazingly diverse and may represent the largest unexplored reservoir of sequence information in the biosphere.(More)
We report the complete genome DNA sequences of HK97 (39,732 bp) and HK022 (40,751 bp), double-stranded DNA bacteriophages of Escherichia coli and members of the lambdoid or lambda-like group of phages. We provide a comparative analysis of these sequences with each other and with two previously determined lambdoid family genome sequences, those of E. coli(More)
Marine Synechococcus spp and marine Prochlorococcus spp are numerically dominant photoautotrophs in the open oceans and contributors to the global carbon cycle. Syn5 is a short-tailed cyanophage isolated from the Sargasso Sea on Synechococcus strain WH8109. Syn5 has been grown in WH8109 to high titer in the laboratory and purified and concentrated retaining(More)
Bacteriophages are the most abundant forms of life in the biosphere and carry genomes characterized by high genetic diversity and mosaic architectures. The complete sequences of 30 mycobacteriophage genomes show them collectively to encode 101 tRNAs, three tmRNAs, and 3,357 proteins belonging to 1,536 "phamilies" of related sequences, and a statistical(More)
N15 is a temperate bacteriophage that forms stable lysogens in Escherichia coli. While its virion is morphologically very similar to phage lambda and its close relatives, it is unusual in that the prophage form replicates autonomously as a linear DNA molecule with closed hairpin telomeres. Here, we describe the genomic architecture of N15, and its global(More)
Plastic debris has been documented in many marine ecosystems, including remote coastlines, the water column, the deep sea, and subtropical gyres. The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG), colloquially called the "Great Pacific Garbage Patch," has been an area of particular scientific and public concern. However, quantitative assessments of the extent and(More)
While some recent work in tutorial dialogue has touched upon tutor reformulations of student contributions, there has not yet been an attempt to characterize the intentions of refor-mulations in this educational context nor an attempt to determine which types of reformu-lation actually contribute to student learning. In this paper we take an initial look at(More)
Rimac is a natural-language intelligent tutoring system that engages students in dialogues that address physics concepts and principles, after they have solved quantitative physics problems. Much research has been devoted to identifying features of tutorial dialogue that can explain its effectiveness (e.g., [1]), so that these features can be simulated in(More)
BACKGROUND The persistent colonization of paranasal sinus mucosa by microbial biofilms is a major factor in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Control of microorganisms within biofilms is hampered by the presence of viscous extracellular polymers of host or microbial origin, including nucleic acids. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
This poster describes Rimac, a natural-language tutoring system that engages students in dialogues that address physics concepts and principles, after students have solved quantitative physics problems. We summarize our approach to deriving decision rules that simulate the highly interactive nature of human tutoring, and describe a pilot test that compares(More)