Michael Folkerts

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The behavioral and histological effects of the lateral fluid percussion (LFP) brain injury model were compared with the weight drop impact-acceleration model with 10 min of secondary hypoxia (WDIA + H). LFP injury resulted in significant motor deficits on the beam walk and inclined plane, and memory deficits on the radial arm maze and Morris water maze.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate an algorithm for real-time 3D tumor localization from a single x-ray projection image for lung cancer radiotherapy. METHODS Recently, we have developed an algorithm for reconstructing volumetric images and extracting 3D tumor motion information from a single x-ray projection [Li et al., Med. Phys. 37, 2822-2826 (2010)]. We have(More)
The effects of diffuse brain injury on dendritic morphology in rat hippocampus and cortex were examined in this study using the recently described impact acceleration model of traumatic brain injury (Marmarou et al., 1994). Dendritic structure was visualized using immunostaining of microtubule associated protein-2 (MAP-2). Brains were studied 24, 48, and 72(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can dramatically increase levels of intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)). One consequence of increased [Ca(2+)](i) would be altered activity and function of calcium-regulated proteins, including calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), which is autophosphorylated on Thr(286)(pCaMKII(286)) in the presence of(More)
PURPOSE Simulation of x-ray projection images plays an important role in cone beam CT (CBCT) related research projects, such as the design of reconstruction algorithms or scanners. A projection image contains primary signal, scatter signal, and noise. It is computationally demanding to perform accurate and realistic computations for all of these components.(More)
PURPOSE To develop an algorithm for real-time volumetric image reconstruction and 3D tumor localization based on a single x-ray projection image for lung cancer radiotherapy. METHODS Given a set of volumetric images of a patient at N breathing phases as the training data, deformable image registration was performed between a reference phase and the other(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were exposed to either 25 or 37.5 degrees C for 3.5 h, and their thermal and water balance responses were compared. After exposure, either a blood sample was obtained or the rats were allowed to rehydrate for 4 h. SH rats had both higher core temperatures and evaporative water(More)
Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is commonly considered to be the most accurate dose calculation method in radiotherapy. However, its efficiency still requires improvement for many routine clinical applications. In this paper, we present our recent progress toward the development of a graphics processing unit (GPU)-based MC dose calculation package, gDPM v2.0.(More)
PURPOSE 4D cone beam CT (4D-CBCT) has been utilized in radiation therapy to provide 4D image guidance in lung and upper abdomen area. However, clinical application of 4D-CBCT is currently limited due to the long scan time and low image quality. The purpose of this paper is to develop a new 4D-CBCT reconstruction method that restores volumetric images based(More)
We have developed an algorithm for real-time volumetric image reconstruction and 3D tumor localization based on a single x-ray projection image. We first parameterize the deformation vector fields (DVF) of lung motion by principal component analysis (PCA). Then we optimize the DVF applied to a reference image by adapting the PCA coefficients such that the(More)