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The ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are a family of Ca2+ release channels found on intracellular Ca2+ storage/release organelles. The RyR channels are ubiquitously expressed in many types of cells and participate in a variety of important Ca2+ signaling phenomena (neurotransmission, secretion, etc.). In striated muscle, the RyR channels represent the primary(More)
We describe a high temporal resolution confocal spot microfluorimetry setup which makes possible the detection of fluorescence transients elicited by Ca2+ indicators in response to large (50-200 microM), short duration (< 100 ns), free [Ca2+] transients generated by laser flash photolysis of DM-nitrophen (DM-n; caged Ca2+). The equilibrium and kinetic(More)
abstract Single canine cardiac ryanodine receptor channels were incorporated into planar lipid bilayers. Single channel currents were sampled at 1–5 kHz and filtered at 0.2–1.0 kHz. Channel incorporations were obtained in symmetrical solutions (20 mM HEPES-Tris, pH 7.4, and pCa 5). Unitary Ca 2 ϩ currents were monitored when 2–30 mM Ca 2 ϩ was added to the(More)
Adaptation of single cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR) channels was demonstrated by application of the caged calcium ion (Ca2+) methodology. In contrast to conventional desensitization found in surface membrane ligand-gated channels, single cardiac RyR channels adapted to maintained Ca2+ stimuli, preserving their ability to respond to a second (larger) Ca2+(More)
The ryanodine receptor of rabbit skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum was purified as a single 450,000-dalton polypeptide from CHAPS-solubilized triads using immunoaffinity chromatography. The purified receptor had a [3H]ryanodine-binding capacity (Bmax) of 490 pmol/mg and a binding affinity (Kd) of 7.0 nM. Using planar bilayer recording techniques, we(More)
Single canine cardiac ryanodine receptor channels were incorporated into planar lipid bilayers. Single-channel currents were sampled at 1-5 kHz and filtered at 0.2-1.0 kHz. Channel incorporations were obtained in symmetrical solutions (20 mM HEPES-Tris, pH 7.4, and pCa 5). Unitary Ca2+ currents were monitored when 2-30 mM Ca2+ was added to the lumenal side(More)
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) family of Ca2+ release channels is central to intracellular Ca2+ signaling in mammalian cells. The InsP3R channels release Ca2+ from intracellular compartments to generate localized Ca2+ transients that govern a myriad of cellular signaling phenomena (Berridge, 1993. Nature. 361:315-325; Joseph, 1996. Cell(More)
Single ryanodine-sensitive sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channels isolated from rabbit skeletal and canine cardiac muscle were reconstituted in planar lipid bilayers. Single channel activity was measured in simple solutions (no ATP or Mg2+) with 250 mM symmetrical Cs+ as charge carrier. A laser flash was used to photolyze caged-Ca2+(More)
In this study we describe the expression and function of the two rat type-1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) ligand binding domain splice variants (SI+/-/SII+). Receptor protein from COS-1 cells transfected with the type-1 InsP3R expression plasmids (pInsP3R-T1, pInsP3R-T1ALT) or control DNA were incorporated into planar lipid bilayers and the(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated a defect associated with the calcium release mechanism of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) from individuals susceptible to malignant hyperthermia (MH). To examine whether SR calcium release channels were indeed altered in MH, SR vesicles were purified from normal and MH susceptible (MHS) porcine muscle. The Ca2+ dependence of(More)