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Aqueous solutions of 5% and 10% trisodium phosphate (TSP), 0.1% and 0.5% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), 1% and 2% lactic acid (LA), and 0.1% and 0.5% grapefruit seed extract (DF-100) were evaluated in prechill spraying for reducing Salmonella typhimurium attached on chicken skins. Chicken skins were inoculated with S. typhimurium and then sprayed with the(More)
Antimicrobial sprays applied using a modified inside-outside birdwasher to reduce Salmonella typhimurium and total aerobic bacteria on prechilled chicken carcasses were evaluated in a poultry processing pilot plant. Four chemicals, including trisodium phosphate (TSP, 10%), lactic acid (LAC, 2%), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC, 0.5%), and sodium bisulfate(More)
Eggs were washed with one of three commercial egg-washing chemicals, including a quaternary ammonium compound (QAC, pH 7.5), sodium carbonate (Na2CO3, pH 12), and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl, 100 ppm, pH 7.5). One hundred fifty intact-shell eggs were washed at 43.3 degrees C with each of three chemicals. A control group was washed with tap water (H2O, pH(More)
An assay for Campylobacter jejuni based on the polymerase chain reaction was developed in our laboratory and shown to be a sensitive and specific method to identify this bacterium in pure culture. This assay was evaluated as a method to rapidly detect C. jejuni attached to chicken carcasses. Chicken carcasses were sampled for PCR using three methods(More)
Use of flow cytometry to rapidly detect Salmonella in chicken carcass washes was investigated. A direct immunomagnetic separation method was used to prepare samples and was found to be an effective method for separating target cells from debris in chicken carcass washes. When flow cytometry was combined with immunomagnetic separation, the average lowest(More)
A wild type micro-organism producing antibacterial substances has been isolated from a Chinese fermented soybean seasoning and identified as Bacillus subtilis. A crude antibacterial preparation (CABP) was obtained by ammonium sulphate precipitation. Isoelectric focusing assay revealed at least four antimicrobial components in the CABP. However, in SDS-PAGE(More)
Campylobacter is a leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States, and epidemiological evidence indicates poultry products to be a significant source of human Campylobacter infections. Caprylic acid, an eight-carbon medium-chain fatty acid, reduces Campylobacter colonization in chickens. How caprylic acid reduces Campylobacter carriage may be(More)
Cetylpyridinium chloride (1-hexadecylpyridinium chloride, CPC) was evaluated for its effectiveness in removing or killing salmonellae attached to poultry skin. Two different treatment methods were used: (i) spraying 0.1% CPC solution at 15 degrees C or 50 degrees C against inoculated skin surface for I min at 138 kPa, and (ii) immersing inoculated skin(More)
An enzyme-linked immunoassay coupled with a tyrosinase modified enzyme electrode was used for rapid detection of Campylobacter jejuni. The immunomagnetic separation (IMS) method was investigated to achieve optimal isolation of C. jejuni cells. Eight types of beads with three different sizes and function groups were coated with anti-C. jejuni to isolate C.(More)
Losses caused by foodborne diseases are enormous in terms of human life, illness, medical costs, and food product recalls. Rapid detection of multiple bacterial pathogens in foods is extremely important to ensure food safety. The objective of this research was to develop a multiplex immunoassay by integrating magnetic nanobeads (MNBs) for immunoseparation(More)