Michael F. Rexach

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In vitro synthesis of endoplasmic reticulum-derived transport vesicles has been reconstituted with washed membranes and three soluble proteins (Sar1p, Sec13p complex, and Sec23p complex). Vesicle formation requires GTP but can be driven by nonhydrolyzable analogs such as GMP-PNP. However, GMP-PNP vesicles fail to target and fuse with the Golgi complex(More)
The molecular dynamics of nuclear protein import were examined in a solution binding assay by testing for interactions between a protein containing a nuclear localization signal (NLS), the transport factors karyopherin alpha, karyopherin beta, and Ran, and FXFG or GLFG repeat regions of nucleoporins. We found that karyopherins alpha and beta cooperate to(More)
Transport of alpha-factor precursor from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus has been reconstituted in gently lysed yeast spheroplasts. Transport is measured through the coupled addition of outer-chain carbohydrate to [35S]methionine-labeled alpha-factor precursor translocated into the endoplasmic reticulum of broken spheroplasts. The reaction(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) form aqueous conduits in the nuclear envelope and gate the diffusion of large proteins between the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. NPC proteins (nucleoporins) that contain phenylalanine-glycine motifs in filamentous, natively unfolded domains (FG domains) line the diffusion conduit of the NPC, but their role in the size-selective(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) gate the only conduits for nucleocytoplasmic transport in eukaryotes. Their gate is formed by nucleoporins containing large intrinsically disordered domains with multiple phenylalanine-glycine repeats (FG domains). In combination, these are hypothesized to form a structurally and chemically homogeneous network of random coils(More)
We have isolated vesicles that mediate protein transport from the ER to Golgi membranes in perforated yeast. These vesicles, which form de novo during in vitro incubations, carry lumenal and membrane proteins that include core-glycosylated pro-alpha-factor, Bet1, Sec22, and Bos1, but not ER-resident Kar2 or Sec61 proteins. Thus, lumenal and membrane(More)
Nuclear transport proceeds through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) that are embedded in the nuclear envelope of eukaryotic cells. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae NPC is comprised of 30 nucleoporins (Nups), 13 of which contain phenylalanine-glycine repeats (FG Nups) that bind karyopherins and facilitate the transport of karyopherin-cargo complexes. Here, we(More)
Targeting of import substrate to nuclear pore complexes of permeabilized vertebrate cells was previously shown to require a protein complex composed of two subunits, termed karyopherin. Yeast contain a homologue of karyopherin alpha named Srp1p, which was initially identified as a genetic suppressor of mutations in a subunit of RNA polymerase I. To(More)
Karyopherins (Kaps) transport cargo across the nuclear pore complex (NPC) by interacting with nucleoporins that contain phenylalanine-glycine (FG) peptide repeats (FG Nups). As a test of the "affinity gradient" model for Kap translocation, we measured the apparent affinity of Kap95p to FG Nups representing three distinct regions of the S. cerevisiae NPC. We(More)
Replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in non-dividing cells critically depends on import of the viral pre-integration complex into the nucleus. Genetic evidence suggests that viral protein R (Vpr) and matrix antigen (MA) are directly involved in the import process. An in vitro assay that reconstitutes nuclear import of HIV-1(More)