Learn More
This study was performed to assess two-point discrimination ability for skin areas of the face and trunk. Using a compass-type instrument, I determined two-point discrimination values for three areas on the face and eight, nonoverlapping regions of the neck and trunk in a sample of 43 healthy young adult men and women. Mean values for the face ranged from(More)
Traditional therapeutic modalities include cryotherapy, sonotherapy, pulsed electrical stimulation, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, high-volt pulsed current, and iotopheresis. Alternative modalities include acupuncture, magnetic field therapy, biofeedback,and massage. All therapeutic modalities should be considered adjuncts to progressive(More)
Two-point discrimination sensitivity in the upper limb was evaluated in a sample of healthy, young adult men and women. A commercially available compass-type instrument was used to determine limits of two-point discrimination sensitivity in 11 skin areas on the subject's dominant side. For dermatomal regions of the arm and forearm, mean values ranged from(More)
During the past two years, we have been using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain control after spinal fusion with Harrington rods. This report describes our postoperative pain management program and our evaluation of its effectiveness. We examined postoperative pain medication usage and found that patients using TENS received fewer(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the limits of two-point discrimination ability in the lower limb in a sample of healthy, young adult men and women. Eleven different areas of skin were tested with a commercially available compass-type instrument to determine the shortest distance at which two simultaneously applied, nonpainful, light-touch stimuli(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), when applied using stimulation settings that might be used in clinical practice, produces alterations in skin temperature. Stimulation in the conventional and burst modes was applied to the skin of the forearm overlying the median nerve in a healthy human(More)
The purpose of this study was to document conductive differences among commercially available electrodes used with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) devices. Impedance within a model system involving a human subject was calculated from oscilloscopic tracings of the pulse waveform for each of 25 different electrode types. Impedance values(More)