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The 5' ends of eukaryotic mRNAs are blocked by a cap structure, m7GpppX (where X is any nucleotide). The interaction of the cap structure with a cap-binding protein complex is required for efficient ribosome binding to the mRNA. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the cap-binding protein complex is a heterodimer composed of two subunits with molecular masses of 24(More)
Translation initiation factors eIF4A and eIF4G form, together with the cap-binding factor eIF4E, the eIF4F complex, which is crucial for recruiting the small ribosomal subunit to the mRNA 5' end and for subsequent scanning and searching for the start codon. eIF4A is an ATP-dependent RNA helicase whose activity is stimulated by binding to eIF4G. We report(More)
The gene encoding translation initiation factor 4E (eIF-4E) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was randomly mutagenized in vitro. The mutagenized gene was reintroduced on a plasmid into S. cerevisiae cells having their only wild-type eIF-4E gene on a plasmid under the control of the regulatable GAL1 promoter. Transcription from the GAL1 promoter (and(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae a small protein named p20 is found associated with translation initiation factor eIF4E, the mRNA cap-binding protein. We demonstrate here that p20 is a repressor of cap-dependent translation initiation. p20 shows amino acid sequence homology to a region of eIF4G, the large subunit of the cap-binding protein complex(More)
Numerous studies have established the important role that eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF-4E) plays during protein biosynthesis. However, biochemical characterization of eIF-4E has proved difficult, mainly because of its low abundance in cells. To facilitate studies on eIF-4E, we have overexpressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae eIF-4E in Escherichia coli.(More)
The mutation in the S. cerevisiae cell cycle division mutant cdc33 consists of a single G to A transition in the open reading frame encoding translation initiation factor 4E (eIF-4E). This leads to the substitution of glycine 113 by aspartic acid close to tryptophane 115 in the protein. This mutation reduces cap binding activity of eIF-4E as measured by(More)
The translation initiation factor 4E (eIF-4E) is involved in the recognition of the cap structure at the 5' end of eukaryotic mRNA and facilitates ribosome binding. Subsequently, additional initiation factors mediate ribosomal scanning of mRNA and initiator AUG recognition (Shatkin, A. J. (1985) Cell 40, 223-224; Rhoads, R. E. (1988) Trends Biochem. Sci.(More)
We have isolated genomic and cDNA clones encoding protein synthesis initiation factor eIF-4E (mRNA cap-binding protein) of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Their identity was established by expression of a cDNA in Escherichia coli. This cDNA encodes a protein indistinguishable from purified eIF-4E in terms of molecular weight, binding to and elution from(More)
The TIF3 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence shows 26% identity with the sequence of mammalian translation initiation factor eIF-4B. The TIF3 gene is not essential for growth; however, its disruption results in a slow growth and cold-sensitive phenotype. In vitro translation of total yeast RNA in an(More)
Initiation factor eIF4G is an essential protein required for initiation of mRNA translation via the 5' cap-dependent pathway. It interacts with eIF4E (the mRNA 5' cap-binding protein) and serves as an anchor for the assembly of further initiation factors. With treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with rapamycin or with entry of cells into the diauxic(More)