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The energy-sensing AMP-activated kinase AMPK ensures survival of energy-depleted cells by stimulating ATP production and limiting ATP utilization. Both energy production and energy consumption are profoundly influenced by transport processes across the cell membane including channels, carriers and pumps. Accordingly, AMPK is a powerful regulator of(More)
The suicidal death of erythrocytes or eryptosis is characterized by cell shrinkage, membrane blebbing and cell membrane phospholipid scrambling resulting in phosphatidylserine exposure at the cell surface. Eryptosis is stimulated in a wide variety of diseases including sepsis, haemolytic uremic syndrome, malaria, sickle-cell anemia, beta-thalassemia,(More)
Lithium, an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3), is widely used for the treatment of mood disorders. Side effects of lithium include nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, leading to renal water loss. Dehydration has in turn been shown to downregulate Klotho, which is required as co-receptor for the downregulation of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation by fibroblast(More)
Ca(2+) signaling includes store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) following depletion of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores. On store depletion, the ER Ca(2+) sensor STIM1 activates Orai1, the pore-forming unit of Ca(2+)-release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels. Here, we show that Orai1 is regulated by serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1), a(More)
The effects of ethanol on gastric acid secretion remain controversial. The present study examines the effect of low-dose (2%) short term (15-20 min) ethanol exposure on gastric acid secretion via a potential interaction with AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Real-time fluorescence digital imaging was used to provide functional evidence for the(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a human genetic disease characterized by fibrosis and severe muscle weakness. Currently, there is no effective treatment available to prevent progressive fibrosis in skeletal muscles. The serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1 regulates a variety of physiological functions and participates in fibrosis(More)
Vanadium, a trace element, as vanadate (VO4(3-)) is known to interfere with a wide variety of enzymes including Ca2+ ATPase and Na+/+ ATPase. VO4(3-) is excreted mainly via the kidney. In renal insufficiency, the impaired VO4(3-) excretion leads to VO4(3-) accumulation in blood.The present study explored the effect of VO4(3-) on eryptosis, the suicidal(More)
Cell proliferation and apoptosis are paralleled by altered regulation of ion channels that play an active part in the signaling of those fundamental cellular mechanisms. Cell proliferation must--at some time point--increase cell volume and apoptosis is typically paralleled by cell shrinkage. Cell volume changes require the participation of ion transport(More)
BACKGROUND The oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1 (OSR1) participates in the WNK-(with no K) kinase dependent regulation of renal salt excretion and blood pressure. Little is known, however, about the role of OSR1 in the regulation of further renal transport systems. The present study analyzed the effect of OSR1 on NaPiIIa, the major renal tubular(More)