Michael Ebsen

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Spiroplasmas are helical mycoplasmas which are found in plants and arthropods, also in ticks. Some Spiroplasma species are incriminated as potential pathogens for vertebrates. During a study on Q fever in North Rhine-Westphalia, an intracellularly growing microorganism could be isolated from a pool of Ixodes ticks. The agent replicated within cytoplasmic(More)
Regulation of intestinal motility depends on an intact synaptic vesicle apparatus. Thus, we investigated the expression of the synaptic vesicle markers synaptophysin and synaptobrevin in the human enteric nervous system (ENS) and their regulation by glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in cultured enteric neurons. Full-thickness specimens of(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) still ranking 4th in the order of fatal tumor diseases is characterized by a profound tumor stroma with high numbers of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Driven by environmental factors, monocytes differentiate into M1- or M2-macrophages, the latter commonly regarded as being protumorigenic. Because a detailed(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilation using low tidal volumes with permission of hypercapnia is recommended to protect the lung in acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the most lung protective tidal volume in association with hypercapnia is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different tidal volumes with associated hypercapnia on lung(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Different types of surfactant preparations were shown not to exert uniform response in preterm infants suffering from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Therefore, the effects of a recombinant surfactant protein C (rSP-C) based preparation and a natural surfactant were compared applying different levels of positive end-expiratory(More)
The aim of this study was to examine pharmacokinetics and pulmonary antibiotic tissue concentrations (PATC) of gentamicin and vancomycin after intrapulmonary administration of a perfluorodecaline (PFD)-gentamicin and a PFD-vancomycin emulsion during partial liquid ventilation (PLV). PLV was initiated in 19 healthy rabbits and 18 surfactant-depleted rabbits.(More)
Exposure to high levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) derived from the fetoplacentomaternal unit during the last trimester of pregnancy may play a crucial role in prenatal lung development and immediate postnatal alveolar fluid clearance (AFC). To measure prenatal alveolar formation and postnatal amiloride-sensitive AFC after pharmacological(More)
The Krumdieck technique allows the investigation of the so-called precision cut lung slices (PCLS) with a special microtome. It is thus possible to evaluate morphologic changes over a longer period of time using only a small group of animals. Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cp) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) proved to be important causes of pneumonia,(More)
Control of intestinal motility requires an intact enteric neurotransmission. Synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) is an essential component of the synaptic vesicle fusion machinery. The aim of the study was to investigate the localization and expression of SNAP-25 in the human intestine and cultured enteric neurons and to assess its regulation by(More)