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Regulation of intestinal motility depends on an intact synaptic vesicle apparatus. Thus, we investigated the expression of the synaptic vesicle markers synaptophysin and synaptobrevin in the human enteric nervous system (ENS) and their regulation by glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in cultured enteric neurons. Full-thickness specimens of(More)
The Krumdieck technique allows the investigation of the so-called precision cut lung slices (PCLS) with a special microtome. It is thus possible to evaluate morphologic changes over a longer period of time using only a small group of animals. Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cp) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) proved to be important causes of pneumonia,(More)
OBJECTIVE Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) remains a relevant cause of neonatal respiratory failure and is characterized by severe impairment of pulmonary gas exchange, surfactant inactivation, and pronounced inflammatory changes. Surfactant administration has been shown as an effective treatment strategy in MAS. The present study aimed at investigating(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) still ranking 4th in the order of fatal tumor diseases is characterized by a profound tumor stroma with high numbers of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Driven by environmental factors, monocytes differentiate into M1- or M2-macrophages, the latter commonly regarded as being protumorigenic. Because a detailed(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Preterm infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) reveal an increased risk for the development of acute and chronic pulmonary disorders, i.e. bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). In order to investigate the effect of IUGR on pulmonary development, an easily reproducible animal model for fetal growth restriction has been(More)
Exposure to high levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) derived from the fetoplacentomaternal unit during the last trimester of pregnancy may play a crucial role in prenatal lung development and immediate postnatal alveolar fluid clearance (AFC). To measure prenatal alveolar formation and postnatal amiloride-sensitive AFC after pharmacological(More)
Spiroplasmas are helical mycoplasmas which are found in plants and arthropods, also in ticks. Some Spiroplasma species are incriminated as potential pathogens for vertebrates. During a study on Q fever in North Rhine-Westphalia, an intracellularly growing microorganism could be isolated from a pool of Ixodes ticks. The agent replicated within cytoplasmic(More)
Control of intestinal motility requires an intact enteric neurotransmission. Synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) is an essential component of the synaptic vesicle fusion machinery. The aim of the study was to investigate the localization and expression of SNAP-25 in the human intestine and cultured enteric neurons and to assess its regulation by(More)
The aim of this study was to examine pharmacokinetics and pulmonary antibiotic tissue concentrations (PATC) of gentamicin and vancomycin after intrapulmonary administration of a perfluorodecaline (PFD)-gentamicin and a PFD-vancomycin emulsion during partial liquid ventilation (PLV). PLV was initiated in 19 healthy rabbits and 18 surfactant-depleted rabbits.(More)
Staphylococcus saprophyticus surface-associated protein (Ssp) was the first surface protein described for this organism. Ssp-positive strains display a fuzzy layer of surface-associated material in electron micrographs, whereas Ssp-negative strains appear to be smooth. The physiologic function of Ssp, however, has remained elusive. To clone the associated(More)