BACKGROUND The balance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and endogenous anti-oxidants is important in maintaining healthy tissues. Excessive ROS states occur in diseases such as ARDS and Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Redox imbalance breaks down the extracellular matrix component hyaluronan (HA) into fragments that activate innate immune responses and… (More)
INTRODUCTION Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast that causes serious infections in immunocompromised populations. The majority of cases occur in HIV-infected individuals. Disseminated disease is uncommon, and very rarely includes peritonitis. CASE PRESENTATION We report a case of a 41-year-old, HIV-negative, Caucasian man with alcoholic liver… (More)
We present a graph-based framework for airway tree reconstruction from computerized tomography (CT) scans and evaluate the performance of different feature categories and their combinations on five lung cohorts. The approach consists of two main processing steps. First, potential airway branch and connection candidates are identified and represented by a… (More)
Mounier-Kuhn syndrome is a rare clinical disorder characterized by tracheobronchial dilation and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. While the etiology of the disease remains unknown, histopathological analysis of Mounier-Kuhn airways demonstrates that the disease is, in part, characterized by cellular changes in airway smooth muscle.
BACKGROUND Lovastatin has a unique ability to bind Leukocyte Function Antigen-1 (LFA-1), an integrin necessary for the full expression of inflammatory cytokines induced by the low molecular weight form of the extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (LMW HA). We hypothesized that lovastatin could inhibit LMW HA inflammatory signals via interaction… (More)
BACKGROUND The acquisition of new knowledge is a primary goal of residency training. Retrieving and retaining influential primary and secondary medical literature can be challenging for house officers. We set out to investigate the effect of a Universal Serial Bus (USB) drive loaded with landmark scientific articles on housestaff education in a pilot study.… (More)